Roscher, Lexikon der griechischen and romischen Mythologie, ii.
According to Roscher, the manner of her birth represents the storm-cloud split by lightning; Farnell (Cults of the Greek States, i.
Roscher suggests that the localization of her birthplace in the extreme west points to the western sea, the home of cloud and storm.
The story of the slaying of Medusa by Athena, in which there is no certain evidence that she played a direct part, explained by Roscher as the scattering of the storm-cloud, probably arose from the fact that she is represented as wearing the Gorgon's head as a badge.
As in the case of Aphrodite and Apollo, Roscher in his Lexikon deduces all the characteristics of Athena from a single conception - that of the goddess of the storm or the thunder-cloud (for a discussion of such attempts see Farnell, Cults, i.
Roscher, "Die Grundbedeutung der Athene," in Nektar and Ambrosia (1883); F.
According to Roscher (in his Lexikon der Mythologie), who identifies the ciris with the heron, the story of Nisus and Scylla (like these of Acdon, Procne, Philomela and Tereus) was invented to give an aetiological explanation of the characteristics of certain birds.
Roscher, Lexicon der griechischen and romischen Mythologie; Pauly-Wissowa, Realencyclopcidie der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft; Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum.
Roscher (Nektar and Ambrosia, 1883; see also his article in Roscher's Lexikon der Mythologic) nectar and ambrosia were originally only different forms of the same substance - honey, regarded as a dew, like manna, fallen from heaven, which was used both as food and drink.
Roscher, Ausfi hrliches Lexikon der griechischen and riimischen Mythologie (1884); Sir R.
Another theory, which has much to commend it, has been advanced by Roscher, who sees in Hermes a wind-god.
Roscher, Studien zur vergleichenden Mythologic, i., 1873; C. Tempel, Ares and Aphrodite (1880); articles in Pauly-Wissowa's Realencyclopeidie, Roscher's Lexikon der Mythologie, and Daremberg and Saglio's Dictionnaire des Antiquites (s.v.
Roscher thinks that both nectar and ambrosia were kinds of honey, in which case their power of conferring immortality would be due to the supposed healing and cleansing power of honey (see further Nectar).
The religion of the Mithras (Lafaye, Culte des divinites alexandrines, 1884; Roscher, articles " Anubis," " Isis," &c.; F.
Roscher and others.
The origin of Hera's association with the cow is uncertain, but there is no need to see in it, with Roscher, a symbol of the moon.
According to Roscher (in Neue Jahrbiicher fiir Philologie, 1892) it was of Egyptian origin, the name Thamus being connected with Thmouis, a town in the neighbourhood of Mendes, distinguished for the worship of the ram; according to Herodotus (ii.
Roscher in Lexikon der Mythologie and by J.
Roscher, 5th ed.
Be this as it may, we now see that the only basis on which these doctrines could be allowed to stand as a permanent part of economic science is that on which they are placed by Roscher, namely, as a stage in the preparatory work of the economist, who, beginning with such abstractions, afterwards turns from them, not in practice merely, but in the completed theory, to real life and men as they actually are or have been.
(1847) of the Collection des principaux economistes, where they are accompanied by the notes of Say, Malthus, Sismondi, Rossi, &c. The Principles was first "naturalized" in Germany, says Roscher (though another version by Von Schmid had previously appeared), by Edward Baumstark in his David Ricardo's Grundgesetze der Volkswirthschaft and der Besteuerung iibersetzt and erletutert (1837), which Roscher highly commends, not only for the excellence of the rendering, but for the value of the explanations and criticisms which are added.
Roscher names him as having, along with Locke and Dudley North, raised the English school to the highest point it attained before the time of Hume.