In a short time the invaders were expelled, and a Grand National Assembly elected as tsar Michael Romanov, the young son of the metropolitan Philaret, who was connected by marriage with the late dynasty.
During this period, which lasted from 1725 to 1762, the male line of the Romanov dynasty became extinct, and the succession passed to various members of the female line, which intermarried with German princes.
Her hatred of Germans showed itself likewise in her persistent struggle with Frederick the Great, which cost Russia 300,000 men and 30 millions of roubles - an enormous sum for those days - but in the choice of a successor she could not follow her natural inclinations, for among the few descendants of Michael Romanov there was no one, even in the female line, who could be called a genuine Russian.
A Grand Commission, which might be called a consultative parliament, composed of 652 members of all classes - officials, nobles, burghers and peasants - and 1 To assist the reader in threading the genealogical maze briefly described above, the following tabular statement is inserted (I.) Michael, founder of the Romanov dynasty (1613-45).
Waliszewski under the general title of Les Origines de la Russie moderne: L'Heritage de Pierre le Grand, 1725-41 (Paris, 1900), La Derniere des Romanov (1902), La Crise revolutionnaire, 1584-1614 (1906), Le Berceau d'une dynastie.
Les Premiers Romanov (1909).
(Berlin, 1879, &c.); Colonel Masslowski, Der siebenjahrige Krieg nach russischer Darstellung (Berlin, 1888-1893); Kazinsierz Waliszewski, La Derniere des Romanov (Paris, 1902).
(1584-1598), Theodore Romanov distinguished himself both as a soldier and a diplomatist, fighting against the Swedes in 1J90, and conducting negotiations with the ambassadors of the emperor Rudolph II.
The Romanov family in especial suffered severely from these delations.
ROMANOV, the name of the Russian imperial dynasty, regnant in the male line from 1613 to 1730, and thenceforward in the female line.
In 1610 he was imprisoned by the king of Poland, but his piety and virtues led to the election of his son, Mikhail Feodorovich Romanov, to the throne of the tsars in 1613.
Peace was concluded at the river Polyankova on the 28th of May 1634, the Poles conceding the title of tsar to Michael Romanov, who renounced all his claims upon Livonia, Esthonia and Courland, besides paying a war indemnity of 200,000 rubles.
The rallying of the Russian nation round the throne of the new tsar, Michael Romanov, dissipated, once for all, this ambitious dream.
In return for these concessions, Gustavus restored Great Novgorod and acknowledged Michael Romanov as tsar of Muscovy.