The unfortunate turn taken by the campaign of 1781 was largely due to Rodney's neglect of his advice.
When, however, he returned to the West Indies he was for a time in independent command owing to Rodney's absence !in England for the sake of his health.
But in the first encounter on the 17th of April to leeward of the island, Rodney's orders were not executed by his captains, and the action was indecisive.
His first engagement was the battle off Ushant in 1778, and, soon afterwards transferred to the West Indies, he was present, under the command of his cousin Sir Samuel Hood, at all the actions which culminated in Rodney's victory of April 12th, 1782.
Under Howe and Rodney he distinguished himself in the West Indies, and at the victory of April 12th, 1782, he was in command of one of Rodney's frigates.