On the 20th the Italians began the attack, and General Maze de la Roches division having effected a breach in the Porta Pia, the pope ordered the garrison to cease fire and the Italians poured into the Eternal City followed by thousands of Roman exiles.
Meanwhile in England, which was ruled by Peter des Roches as justiciar, the discontent had been increasing rather than diminishing, and its volume became much larger owing to an event of May 1214.
Michel Levy) Mineralogie micrographique, Roches eruptives francaises (2 vols., 1879); and Synthese des mineraux et des roches (1882).
Of the town the Bied plunged into a deep chasm, on the steep rock face of which were formerly the subterranean mills of the Col des Roches, situated one above another; but the stream is now diverted by the above-mentioned tunnel, while another serves the railway line from Le Locle to Morteau in France (8 m.).
He therefore set himself up in rivalry with John Lackland, youngest son of Henry II., and supported by Philip Augustus of France, and aided by William des Roches, seneschal of Anjou, he managed to enter Angers (18th of April 1199) and there have himself recognized as count of the three countships of Anjou, Maine and Touraine, for which he did homage to the king of France.
The defeat of the latter, who was taken prisoner at Mirebeau on the ist of August 1202, seemed to ensure John's success, but he was abandoned by William des Roches, who in 1203 assisted Philip Augustus in subduing the whole of Anjou.
Claude de Beauharnais, comte des Roches-Baritaud, uncle of the marquis and of the vicomte de Beauharnais, served in the navy and became a vice-admiral.
De Gramont, Histoire d'Alger sous la domination turque (1887); Mercier, Histoire de l'Afrique septentrionale (1888-1891); Eugene Plantet, Correspondance des deys d'Alger avec la tour de France (1889-1892); Paul Masson, Histoire des etablissements et du commerce francais dans l'Afrique barbaresque (1903); General Faure-Biguet, Histoire de l'Afrique septentrionale sous la domination musulmane (1905); (b) for the French period: Camille Rousset, La Conquete d'Alger (8th ed., 1899), Les Commencements d'une conquete: l'Algerie de 1830 a 1840, with atlas (1887), and La Conquete de l'Algerie, 184118J7, with atlas (1889); Pelissier, Annales algeriennes (1854); Leon Roches, Trente-deux ans a travers l'Islam (1884-1887); Colonel Trumelet, Histoire de l'insurrection des Ouled-Sidi-Cheik (1887); Rinn, Histoire de l'insurrection de 1871 (1891).
He was opposed by the legate Pandulf (1218-1221), who claimed the guardianship of the kingdom for the Holy See; by the Poitevin Peter des Roches, bishop of Winchester, who was the young king's tutor; by the foreign mercenaries of John, among whom Falkes de Breaute took the lead; and by the feudal party under the earls of Chester and Albemarle.
It was precipitated by one of those fits of passion to which the king was prone; but the influence of Hubert had been for some time waning before that of Peter des Roches and his nephew Peter des Rievaux.
In most parts the Laurentian hills are bare roches moutonnees scoured by the glaciers of the Ice Age, but a broad band of clay land extends across northern Quebec and Ontario just north of the divide.
But the title of regent was given by the loyal barons to William Marshal, the aged earl of Pembroke; and Peter des Roches, the Poitevin bishop of Winchester, received the charge of the king's person.
Even then he remained for some time under the influence of Hubert de Burgh, whose chief rival, Peter des Roches, found it expedient to quit the kingdom for four years.
He was disgraced in 1232; and power passed for a time into the hands of Peter des Roches, who filled the administration with Poitevins.
His other principal works are: - Traite ele'mentaire de mneralogie, avec des applications aux arts (2 vols., Paris, 1807); Histoire naturelle des crustace's fossiles (Paris, 1822); Classification et caracteres mineralogiques des roches homogenes et hete'rogenes (Paris, 1827); the Tableau des terrains qui component l'ecorce du globe, ou Essai sur la structure de la partie connue de la Jerre (Paris, 1829); and the Traite des arts ceramiques (1844).
But John, joined by William des Roches and other lords of Maine and Poitou, jealous at the increase of Philip's power, defeated and took Arthur prisoner at Mirebeau.
But John soon alienated the Poitevin barons, and William des Roches signed a treaty with Philip on the 22nd of March 1203.
He left the great lords, such as William des Roches, in full possession of their feudal power.