The English Cistercian houses, of which there are such extensive and beautiful remains at Fountains, Rievaulx, Kirkstall, Tintern, Netley, &c., were mainly arranged of ter the same plan, with slight local variations.
And founded an abbey dedicated to the Virgin, a little higher up the Tweed, the first Cistercian settlement in Scotland, with monks from Rievaulx in Yorkshire.
It was a Cistercian house, colonized from Rievaulx, and was built in 1140.
Ã†lred,' 'Ailred, Ethelred (1109-1166), English theologian, historical writer and abbot of Rievaulx, was born at Hexham about the year 1109.
He was in high favour with that sovereign, but renounced the prospect of a bishopric to enter the Cistercian house of Rievaulx in Yorkshire, which was founded in 1131 by Walter Espec. Here Ã†lred remained for some time as master of the novices, but between the years 1142 and 1146 was elected abbot of Revesby in Lincolnshire and migrated thither.
He led a life of the severest asceticism, and was credited with the power of working miracles; owing to his reputation the numbers of Rievaulx were greatly increased.
Two years later he died of a decline, at Rievaulx, in the fifty-seventh year of his age.
We are told by Bede that St Ninian dedicated his church to St Martin of Tours, who died between 397 and 400, but Ailred of Rievaulx is our only authority for the statement that St Martin supplied him with masons.
C. Plummer, Oxford, 1896), iii., iv.; Ailred of Rievaulx, "Life of St Ninian," in the Historians of Scotland vol.