Times of peace meant national disintegration and the lapse of Israel into the Canaanite local cults, which is interpreted by the redactor as the prophets of the 8th century would have interpreted it, viz.
Especially Ha,upt's note) and does not involve the interpolation of matter by the later redactor of Colossians and Ephesians (Holtzmann, Hausrath' and Bruckner, Reihenfolge d.
The redactor of the Mishna, and his successor as Nasi (patriarch).
This redactor, moreover, was the first who gave to the Apocalypse the character of an attack on the Roman Empire and the imperial cult by means of a series of small additions.
In 1891 Schmidt resolved the book into three independent sources which were put together by a redactor (Anmerkungen iiber d.
Spitta takes verse 6 to be an addition of the redactor, which describes proleptically what follows, while Gunkel sees in 6 and 7-16 parallel accounts.
The author or the final redactor has impressed a certain linguistic character on the book, which differentiates it not only from all secular writings of the time, but also from all the New Testament books, including the Johannine.
And its third stage, Jesus' prophecies to Peter and to the beloved disciple concerning their future, and the declaration " This is the disciple who testifies to these things and who has written them, and we know that his testimony is true," is doubtless written by the redactor of the previous two stages.
In particular, Chronicles agrees with Kings in those short notes of the moral character of individual monarchs which can hardly be ascribed to an earlier hand than that of the redactor of the latter book.2 For the criticism of the book it is important to institute a careful comparison of Chronicles with the parallel narratives in Samuel-Kings.
Possibly the narrator, or redactor, desired to tone down the traces of mythology.
- xx., &c., had previously been omitted by the Deuteronomic redactor himself (Budde) cannot be proved.
13-16 really forms part of the original narrative of J, and is not rather to be ascribed to the redactor of JE.
Verse 19 is probably the work of the redactor (R P) who inserted the song.
II, 12, though the redactor has attempted to evade the difficulty by inserting v.
The same redactor doubtless added v.
22, 23, appear to be the work of a redactor); xxiii.
20-33, the promises attached to the observance of the covenant, probably formed no part of the original code, but were added by the Deuteronomic redactor; cf.
3a by the redactor to whom the present position of the "judgments" is due.'
Its present position is, doubtless, to be ascribed to a redactor who was influenced by the same conception as the author of Deuteronomy.
This redactor, however, did not limit the Horeb covenant to the Decalogue, but retained E's legislation alongside of it.
Mentioned above, the redactor of the Mishnah, was honoured as the "Rabbi" xar' E oy v (" par excellence"), and in the tradition of the houses of learning, if it was necessary to speak of him or to cite his opinions and utterances, he was simply referred to as "Rabbi," without the mention of any name.
The case, however, is exceptional; the stories of the other great "judges" were not rewritten or to any great extent revised by the Deuteronomic redactor, and his hand appears chiefly in the framework.'
IJiyya was redactor of the Siphra on Leviticus (Midrash, § 5, 2); to him and to R.
37] is probably due to the same redactor who, introduced the gloss " in the day when he is anointed " in vi.
7, and with 35a may be assigned to the same collection as those verses; to the redactor must be assigned vv.
Such a breach of ritual on the part of Aaron and his sons seemed to a later redactor to demand an explanation, and this is furnished in the present section.
Possibly the omission of this introduction is due to the redactor who combined (1) and (2) by transferring the regulations of (1) to the ritual of the annual Day of Atonement.
20 (to which a later redactor has added vv.
7 ff., and the offence is clearly one against property, the omission of the punishment being possibly due to the redactor who added vv.
The hand 'f the redactor who combined the two elements may be seen partly in additions designed to accommodate the regulations of H to P (e.g.
As seven is the perfect number and as Balaam had ordered seven altars to be built, the Redactor thought it would be well to have seven M6shalim or metrical oracles; and so he added other three which are certainly not pertinent to the situation, as they allude not merely to the Assyrian empire but to the Macedonian, and even, as some maintain, to the Roman empire, cf.
Yet, though thus part of a larger whole, the book of Numbers has been so constructed by the Redactor as to form a self-contained division of that whole.
" and all the men that appertained unto Korah and all their goods," a cla ise due to the Redactor, who put it in to unite the narratives, forgetting that Korah, not being a Reubenite, could not have had his tent with its belongings among the tents of the Reubenites.
Then came the final redactor, who interpolated the groundwork and the Methuselah sections, adding two others from his own pen.
All the complicated speculations about a redactor which follow are swept away by the simple assumption that the text is sound.
Affords an interesting illustration of the manner in which the redactor of P has added later elements to the original code of H.
15b-22) derived from H on blasphemy, manslaughter and injuries to the person, to which the redactor has added an historical setting (vv.
8-18 is due to the redactor who wished to apply the same rules to the year of Jubilee.
2 ff., interrupt the connexion and must be assigned to the priestly redactor, while in.