The extract answers to Recognitions, x.
And Rom.); (5) Opuscula of Gregory of Nazianzus; (6) the Sententiae of Sixtus, an unknown Greek philosopher; (7) the Sententiae of Evagrius; (8) the Clementine Recognitions (the only form in which that work is now extant); (9) the Canon Paschalis of Anatolius Alexandrinus.
To decorations and official recognitions he was notoriously indifferent.
Again, in the text on which are based the pseudoClementine writings (Recognitions, i.
Among these we must mention the JudaeoChristian Gnostic Cerinthus, also the Gnostic Ebionites, of whom Epiphanius (Haer.) gives us an account, and whose writings are to be found in a recension in the collected works of the Pseudo-Clementine Recognitions and Homilies; to the same class belong the Elkesaites with their mystical scripture, the Elxai, extracts of which are given by Hippolytus in the Philos.
Zopyrus is also referred to by Maximus Tyrius n as making his recognitions " intuitu solo."
In Lucarn), but it is also found in the Clementine Homilies and Recognitions (Horn.
And foe of Judaism, whose criticism was answered by Josephus, appears in this character both in Homilies and Recognitions, though mainly in the former (iv.
Here we observe that (I) the extract agrees this time with Recognitions, not with Homilies; (2) its framework is that of the Clementine romance found in both; (3) the tenth and last book of Recognitions is here parallel to book xiv.
Now all the points here noted in the Circuits can be traced in our Homilies and Recognitions, though toned down in different degrees.
411 which contains large parts of Recognitions and Homilies, and twice used by Rufinus, e.g.
Of Clement's father into Simon's likeness), which is common to the close both of our Recognitions and Homilies, and so probably belonged to the Circuits.
Even four centuries later, Photius, in referring to a collection of books called both Acts of Peter and the Recognition of Clement, does not make clear whether he means Homilies or Recognitions or either.
It has been needful to cite so much of the evidence proving that our Homilies and Recognitions are both recensions of a common basis, at first known as the Circuits of Peter and later by titles connecting it rather with Clement, its ostensible author, because it affords data also for the historical problems touching (a) the contents and origin of the primary Clementine work, and (b) the conditions under which our extant recensions of it arose.
(a) The Circuits of Peter, as defined on the one hand by the epistle of Clement to James originally prefixed to it and by patristic evidence, and on the other by the common element in our Homilies and Recognitions, may be conceived as follows.
The intimacy of local knowledge touching this region implied in the narrative common to Homilies and Recognitions is notable, and tells against an origin for the Periodoi outside Syria (e.g.
(b) That the Periodoi was a longer work than either our Homilies or Recognitions is practically certain; and its mere bulk may well, as Hort suggests (p. 88), have been a chief cause of the changes of form.
Yet Homilies and Recognitions are abridgments made on different principles and convey rather different impressions to their readers.
"The Recognitions care most for the story," as a means of religious edification, "and have preserved the general framework much more nearly."
But Hort is hardly right in suggesting that, while Homilies arose in Syria, Recognitions took shape in Rome.
The Recognitions, in both recensions, as is shown by the fact that it was read in the original with general admiration not only by Rufinus but also by others in the West, was more Catholic in tone and aimed chiefly at ' Dom Chapman maintains that the Recognitions (c. 370-390,) even attack the doctrine of God in the Homilies or their archetype.
That is, more than one effort of this sort had been made to adapt the story of Clement's Recognitions to general Christian use.
One kind of adaptation at least is proved to have existed before the end of the 4th century, namely a selection of certain discourses from the Homilies under special headings, following on Recognitions, i.-iii., as seen in a Syriac MS. of A.D.
As this MS. contains transcriptional errors, and as its archetype had perhaps a Greek basis, the Recognitions may be dated c. 350-3751 (its Christology suggested to Rufinus an Arianism like that of Eunomius of Cyzicus, c. 362), and the Homilies prior even to 350.
This fact both supplies him with the name by which he is commonly known, Pseudo-Clement, and also furnishes corroboration of his Syrian birth; since the other spurious writings bearing the name of Clement, the Homilies and Recognitions, are likewise of Syrian origin.
In the Clementine Recognitions Helen is called Luna (ii.
Dr Salmon pointed out that Simon was known as a writer to the author of the Clementine Recognitions (ii.
Schmiedel asks, " How should Paul ever come to be in the 2nd, or, as far as the pseudo-Clementine Homilies and Recognitions are concerned, even in the 3rd or 4th century, the object of so fanatical a hatred?
That the homo quidam inimicus of the Recognitions (i.
It is highly probable, too, that from these Essene Ebionites there issued the fantastical and widely read "Clementine" literature (Homilies and Recognitions) of the 3rd century.
He expounded, as a very high authority has said," with remarkable clearness and power the nature and scope of neutral duty,"and gave a" classic "statement of the doctrine of recognitions But the French question had another side in its reaction on American parties.'