As a critic of independent views he won the approval of Goethe; on the other hand, he fell into violent controversy with Ranke about questions connected with Italian history.
What makes him memorable in English history is that he opposed the establishment of a special kind of political organization.
It is at this period that Ranke believes Maximilian to have entertained the idea of a universal monarchy; but whatever hopes he may have had were shattered by the death of his son Philip and the rupture of the treaty of Blois.
Ranke, Weltgeschichte, bk.
Von Ranke, Englische Geschichte (1859-1868).
Vita del pontifice Paolo Quarto (Modena, 1618); Ranke, Popes (Eng.
KARL PETER WILHELM MAURENBRECHER (1838-1892), German historian, was born at Bonn on the 21st of December, 1838, and studied in Berlin and Munich under Ranke and Von Sybel, being especially influenced by the latter historian.
LEOPOLD VON RANKE (1795-1886), German historian, was born on the 10th or the 21st of December 1795, in the small town of Wiehe, in Thuringia, which then formed part of the electorate of Saxony.
The headmaster of this school was Ernst Friedrich Poppo (1794-1866), a celebrated Grecian, and Ranke was entrusted with the teaching of history.
Within a week Ranke received the promise of a post at Berlin, and in less than three months was appointed supernumerary professor in the university of that city, a striking instance of the promptitude with which the Prussian government recognized scientific merit when, as in Ranke's case, it was free from dangerous political opinions.
At the Berlin Library Ranke found a collection of MS. records, chiefly Italian, dealing with the period of the Reformation; from a study of them he found how different were the real events as disclosed in contemporary documents from the history as recorded by most writers; and the result of his researches was embodied in his second work, Fiirsten and Volker von Siideuropa im 16 and 17 Jahrhundert (1827).
For a time Ranke was now engaged in an occupation of a different nature, for he was appointed editor of a periodical in which Friedrich Perthes designed to defend the Prussian government against the democratic press.
Ranke, contemptuous in politics, as in history, of the men who warped facts to support some abstract theory, especially disliked the doctrinaire liberalism so fashionable at the time.
For Ranke the failure was not to be regretted; the rest of his life was to be wholly devoted to that in which he excelled.
For the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographic. Ranke married, at Windermere, in 1843, Miss Clara Graves, daughter of an Irish barrister.
At the time of his death Ranke was, not in his own country alone, generally regarded as the first of modern historians.
Von Giesebrecht, Geddchtnisrede auf Leopold von Ranke (Munich, 1887); Guglia, Leopold von Rankes Leben and Werke (Leipzig, 1893); M.
Ritter, Leopold von Ranke (Stuttgart, 1895); Nalbandian, Leopold von Rankes Bildungsjahre and Geschichtsauffassung (Leipzig, 1901); and Helmolt, Leopold Ranke (Leipzig, 1907).
"The true heir of Henry VI.," Ranke has said, "is Innocent III.," and nowhere is this more true than in respect of the crusading movement.
But about 5840 Ranke suggested, and von Sybel in his Geschichte des ersten Kreuzzuges proved, that Albert of Aix was not a good authority, and that consequently William of Tyre must be set aside for the history of the First Crusade, and other and more contemporary authorities used.
In 1829 he went to Berlin, where Schleiermacher, Hengstenberg, Neander, Ranke and Raumer were among his teachers.
And Bunsen were edited by Ranke (Leipzig, 18 73); his proclamations, speeches, &c., from the 6th of March 1848 to the 31st of May 1851 have been published (Berlin, 1851); also his correspondence with Bettina von Arnim, Bettina von Arnim and Friedrich Wilhelm IV., ungedruckte Briefe and Aktenstiicke, ed.
Von Ranke, Friedrich Wilhelm IV., Konig von Preussen (works 51, 52 also in Allgem.
(Rome, 1760); Ranke, Popes (Eng.
Von Ranke, History of England, vols.
For further details regarding the formation of Sumerian and Babylonian-Assyrian proper names, as well as for an indication of the problems involved and the difficulties still existing, especially in the case of Sumerian names,' see the three excellent works now at our disposal for the Sumerian, the old Babylonian, and the neoBabylonian period respectively, by Huber, Die Personennamen den Keilschrifturkunden aus der Zeit der Konige von Ur and Nisin (Leipzig, 1907); Ranke, Early Babylonian Proper Names (Philadelphia, 1905); and Tallqvist, Neu-Babylonisches Namenbuch (Helsingfors, 1905).
Von Ranke, Zur Kritik frankisch-deutscher Reichsannalisten (Berlin, 1854); W.
(Montepulciano, 1846); Ranke, Popes (Eng.
Von Ranke, "Savonarola and die Florentinische Republik" in his Hist.-biogr.
Von Ranke, Zur Kritik neuerer Geschichtsschreiber (Leipzig, 1874), and Cirot, Etudes sur les historiographes espagnols; Mariana, historien (Bordeaux, 1905).
Thompson for the Camden Society (2 vols., London, 1878); Laurence Eachard, History of England (3 vols., London, 1707-1718); and the Histories of England by Lingard, Von Ranke and Macaulay.
(Rome, 1655); Ranke, Popes (Eng.
Von Ranke, Weltgeschichte, pt.
Much discussion has taken place on this question, and several of the most eminent of German historians, Ranke among them, have taken part therein, but no certain decision has been reached.
Sybel was educated at the gymnasium of his native town, and then at the university of Berlin, where he came under the influence of Savigny and of Ranke, whose most distinguished pupil he was to become.
He had already made himself known by critical studies on the history of the middle ages, of which the most important was his Geschichte des ersten Kreuzzuges (Dusseldorf, 1841; new ed., Leipzig, 1881), a work which, besides its merit as a valuable piece of historical investigation, according to the critical methods which he had learnt from Ranke, was also of some significance as a protest against the vaguely enthusiastic attitude towards the middle ages encouraged by the Romantic school.
In 1856, on the recommendation of Ranke, Sybel accepted the post of professor at Munich, where King Maximilian II.
The influence of Ranke early diverted him from his original purpose of studying law, and while still a student he began that series of researches in German medieval history which was to be his life's work.
Waitz is often spoken of as the chief disciple of Ranke, though perhaps in general characteristics and mental attitude he has more affinity with Pertz or Dahlmann.
Von Ranke, Deutsche Geschichte im Zeitalter der Reformation, Bde.
Von Ranke, Zur deutschen Geschichte: Vom Religionsfrieden bis zum 30 jahrigen Kriege (Leipzig, 1868); A.
(Brixen, 1745); Ranke, Popes (Eng.
Parkman, Pioneers of France in the New World and The Jesuits in North America (Boston, 1868); Lettres edifiantes et curieuses, ecrites des missions etrangeres, avec les Annales de la propagation de la foi (40 vols., Lyons, 1819-1854); Saint-Priest, Histoire de la chute des Jesuites au X VIII € Siecle (Paris, 1844); Ranke, Romische Pcipste (3 vols., Berlin, 1838); E.
Von Ranke, Weltgeschichte, Part vii.
Von Ranke describes as "the first independent action of the German secular world."
Ranke, History of the Papacy in the 16th and 17th centuries (1840 and frequently); A.
(Rome, 1601-1602) (both contemporaries of Julius III.); Ranke, Popes (Eng.
If the people of the first Babylonian dynasty (about 21st century B.C.) called themselves "Amorites," as Ranke seems to have shown, it is possible that some feeling of common origin was recognized at that early date.
See Ranke, Bab.
389 sqq.; Ranke, Popes (Eng.
Von Ranke, Die romischen Papste in den letzten vier Jahrhunderten, and Deutsche Gesch.
In this field of scientific research the Germans were the pioneers, and in it they are still pre-eminent, with Ranke as their most famous name and the Monumenta Germaniae historica as their greatest production.
For the years after the Reformation we have Ranke, Zur deutsc lies Geschichte Vom Religionsfrieden bis zum 3ojdhrigen Kriege (Leipzig 1888); M.
Erdmannsdrffer, Deutsche Geschichte vom WestfoJischei Frieden, his zum Regierungsantritt Friedrichs des Grossen (Berlin 1892-1893); and then follow Ranke, Zur Geschichte von Osterreich uflf Pr6ussen zWischen den Friedensschlssen von Aachen und Hubertus burg (Leipzig, 1875) and Die deutschen Mchte und der Frstenbun, (Leipzig, 1871-1872); K.
Ranke, Weltgeschichte (1883), iv.
See also Ranke, Popes (Eng.
- The main sources for the biography of Frederick the Great are his own works, which, in the words of Leopold von Ranke, "deal with the politics and wars of the period with the greatest possible objectivity, i.e.
Of his Geschichte der preussischen Politik); Ranke, Friedrich II., Konig von Preussen (Werke, vols.
See also Ranke, Popes (Eng.
Von Ranke, Weltgeschichte, Part viii.