Raffia - which has taken the place of bast - is generally used for tying, and grafting wax is only used occasionally with such plants under glass.
Slight ties of soft cotton wool or worsted, or moist raffia, are then applied.
For tying plants to trellises and stakes soft tarred string or raffia (the fibre from the Raphia palm of Madagascar) is used.
Bast fibre and raffia fibre are to be preferred for light subjects of this character, as they can be split to any degree of fineness.
The training of certain bedding plants over the surface of the soil is done by small pegs of birch wood or bracken, by loops of wire or cheap hair-pins, or sometimes by loops of raffia having the ends fixed in the soil by the aid of the dibble.