As the chief seat of the worship of Ptah, the artisan god (Hephaestus), Memphis must have existed from a very remote time.
It was also called Hakeptah, "Residence of the ka of Ptah," and this name furnishes a possible origin for that of Egypt (A'lyvirros).
Now the ruins of the city, the great temple of Ptah, the dwelling of Apis, and the palaces of the kings, are traceable only by a few stones among the palm trees and fields and heaps of rubbish.
Elsewhere he was the artizan-god Ptah, who with his hammer broke the egg; sometimes Thoth, the moon-god and principle of intelligence, who spoke the world into existence.'
He was entitled "the renewal of the life" of the Memphite god Ptah: but after death he became Osorapis, i.e.
On the other hand, Osiris with Isis and Horus was everywhere honoured and popular, and while the artificer Ptah, the god of the great native capital of Egypt, made no appeal to the imagination, the Apis bull, an incarnation of Ptah, threw Ptah himself altogether into the shade in the popular estimation.
During the XXVth and XXVIth Dynasties silver of the treasury of Harshafe (at Heracleopolis Magna) was commonly prescribed in contracts, and in the reign of Darius we hear of silver of the treasury of Ptah (at Memphis).
And high priest of Ptah, with his rather tragical experiences at the hands of magicians.
Only in two tnces, however, did a local god ever obtain wide acceptance se capacity of demiurge: Ptah of Memphis, who was famed n artist and master-builder, and Khnum of Elephantine, was said to have moulded mankind on the potters wheel.
Ptah was early assimilated to the sepulchral gods Sokaris and Osiris.
Or else several of the chief deities were consciously combined and regarded as different emanations or aspects of a Sole Being; thus a Ramesside hymn begins with the words Three are all the gods, Ammon, Re and Ptah, and then it is shown how these three gods, each in his own particular way, gave expression and effect to a single divine purpose.
One text at least as ancient as the XVIIIth Dynasty(the copy that we have dates only from the Ethiopian period) an ingenious attempt Later is made to represent Ptah as the source of all life:
PTAH, the Hephaestus of the Greeks, a demiurgic and creative god, special patron of hand-workers and artisans.
She was worshipped at Latopolis (Esna), but ilso at a late date as a member of the Memphite triad, with Ptah Is husband and Neferteni (Iphthimis) as son: often, too, confounded with Ubasti.
Davies, The ~rogIyphic. Maskiba of Ptah,hetep and Akhethetep, pt.
The land held in the name of different deities is estimated at about 15% of the whole of Egypt; various temples of Ammon owned two-thirds of this, Re of Heliopolis and Ptah of Memphis being the next in wealth.
The jackal stands for Anup, the hawk for Har, the frog for Hekt, the baboon for Tahuti, and Ptah, Asiri, Hesi, Nebhat, Hat-hor, Neit, Khnum and Amun-hor are all written out phonetically, but never represented in pictures.
Ptah is the Egyptian Hephaestus; he is represented as a dwarf; men are said to have come out of his eye, gods out of his mouth - a story like that of Purusha in the Rig Veda.
As creator of man, Ptah is a frog.
Ushas is the dawn, and Tvashtri is the mechanic among the gods, corresponding to the Egyptian Ptah and the Greek Hephaestus.
Excavation has brought to light figurines of the Egyptian Osiris, Isis, Ptah, Anubis and especially Bes.