The Viscount Stafford was one of the "five Popish lords" committed to the Tower in 1678 as a result of the slanders of Titus Oates and he died by the axe in 1680 upon testimony which, as the diarist Evelyn protested, "should not be taken against the life of a dog."
Only six days after this we find him moving for a committee to draw up a bill to secure religion and property in case of a popish successor.
Anti-Catholic feeling ran so high that, after the discovery of the Popish Plot, he found it wiser to retire to Brussels (1679), while Shaftesbury and the Whigs planned to exclude him from the succession.
He was also charged with Popish practices, but on frivolous grounds, and with aspersing the members of parliament for the city.
She contrived to escape uninjured during the crisis of the Popish Plot in 1678.
In 1678 the university registers which had been in his custody for eighteen years were removed, as it was feared that he would be implicated in the Popish plot.
On his return to London England was in the throes of the popish terror.
Charles might have been unable, in the frenzy of the popish plot of Titus Oates, to send forces from England, but as he chose the popular Protestant, the duke of Monmouth, to command them, he was allowed to despatch some regiments.
In 1708, on the occasion of the Scottish expedition, notwithstanding her solicitude for his safety, she had styled James in her speech closing the session of parliament as "a popish pretender bred up in the principles of the most arbitrary government."
Lingard's History gives an exhaustive and trustworthy account of the Popish terror and its victims; and the chief incidents in Oates's career are graphically described by Macaulay.
The special occasion for which the House had been sum moned was the discovery of one of the numerous popish plots that distracted Elizabeth's reign.
Danby and those confined on account of participation in the popish plot were liberated, and Titus Oates thrown into prison.
The net result was that a few years later the lower house of convocation only rejected by one vote a very puritanical petition against vestments and other popish dregs.
The inventors of the so-called popish plot charged the leading English Roman Catholics with a design to murder the king.
At the time of the Popish Plot in 1678 he displayed some moderation, refusing to believe the charges made against the duke of York, though he chose this time to publish some anti-Roman pamphlets.
The breaking out of the Popish Terror in 1678 marks the worst part of Shaftesbury's career.