Of Poland to force her favourite, Stanislaus Poniatowski, on to the vacant throne.
Their sister Constantia had already married Stanislaus Poniatowski, the father of the future king.
Their chief intermediary was their nephew Stanislaus Poniatowski, whom they sent, as Saxon minister, to the Russian court in the suite of the English minister Hanbury Williams, in 1755.
The handsome and insinuating Poniatowski speedily won the susceptible heart of the grand-duchess Catherine, but he won nothing else and returned to Poland in 1759 somewhat discredited.
Had already determined (Treaty of St Petersburg, April 22, 1764) that the existing state of things in Poland must be maintained, and as early as the r8th of October 1763 Catherine had recommended the election of Stanislaus Poniatowski as "the individual most convenient for our common interests."
Shortly afterwards Stanislaus Poniatowski was elected king (Sept.
The little Polish army of 46,000 overthrows men, under Prince Joseph Poniatowski and Tadeusz Kosciuszko, did all that was possible under the circumstances.
For more than three months they kept back the invader, and, after winning three pitched battles, retired in perfect order on the capital (see PoNIATOwsKI, and On the death of Stanislaus, the crown was to pass to the family of the elector of Saxony.
Joseph Poniatowski and Dombrowski.
For works relating to the Sobieskian, Saxon and Partitional periods of Polish history, the reader is referred to the bibliographical notes appended to the biographies of John III., king of Poland, Michal Czartoryski, Stanislaus II., Tadeusz Andrzej Kosciuszko, Jozef Poniatowski, and the other chief actors of these periods.
We now come to the reign of the last Polish king, Stanislaus Poniatowski, and the few quiet years before the final division of the country, during which the French taste was allpowerful.
Here lie the remains of John Sobieski, of Thaddaeus Kosciuszko, of Joseph Poniatowski and of Adam Mickiewicz.
The money they cost her was a small sum in comparison to the f 12,000,000 she lavished on her long series of lovers, who began with Soltykov and Stanislaus Poniatowski before she came to the throne, and ended with the youthful Platon Zubov, who was tenant of the post at her death.
Catherine would have preferred to control the country through a vassal sovereign of the type of Stanislaus Poniatowski, the old lover whose election she secured in 1763.
Other orders are those of St Vladimir, founded by Catherine II., 1782, four classes, and of St Stanislaus, founded originally as a Polish order by Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski in 1765, and adopted as a Russian order in 1831.
In 1772 he accepted the office of secretary of the council of public instruction from Stanislas Poniatowski, king of Poland.
At Warsaw he met Anne Poniatowski, Countess Potocka, with whom he rapidly became intimate.
During the cannonade Prince Poniatowski is to advance through the wood on the village and turn the enemy's position.
The second order was that Poniatowski, moving to the village through the wood, should turn the Russian left flank.
This could not be done and was not done, because Poniatowski, advancing on the village through the wood, met Tuchkov there barring his way, and could not and did not turn the Russian position.