In 1836 he was elected a member of the Academie des sciences politiques et morales, was raised to the peerage in 1839 and in 1843 became doyen of the faculty of law.
Zeumer; and Fustel de Coulanges, Histoire des institutions politiques del' ancienne France: La monarchie franque (Paris, 1888).
The most important free institution in this class is the cole des Sciences Politiques, which prepares pupils for the civil services and teaches a great number of political subjects, connected with France and foreign countries, not included in the state programmes.
C. Kervyn de Lettenhove, Relations politiques des Pays-Bas et de l'Angleterre sous le regne de Philippe II.
In 1881 Leroy-Beaulieu was elected professor of contemporary history and eastern affairs at the Ecole Libre des Sciences Politiques, becoming director of this institution on the death of Albert Sorel in 1906, and in 1887 he became a member of the Academic des Sciences Morales et Politiques.
See also Desjardins, Geographie historique et administrative de la Gaule romaine (Paris, 18 77); Fustel de Coulanges, Histoire des institutions politiques de l'ancienne France (Paris, 1877); for Caesar's campaigns, article CAESAR, JULIUS, and works quoted; for coins, art.
This thesis he sustained brilliantly in his Histoire des institutions politiques de l'ancienne France, the first volume of which appeared in 1874.
For details of his life consult Peuchet, Mirabeau: Memoires sur sa vie litteraire et privee (1824); and the Memoires biographiques, litteraires et politiques de Mirabeau, ecrits par lui-meme, par son pere, son oncle et son fits adoptif, which was issued by his adopted son, Lucas de Montigny (8 vols., Paris, 1834-1835).
359-367; Remusat, Me noires sur les relations politiques des princes chretiens.
We have already seen that among the princes who joined the First Crusade there were some who were rather politiques than devots, and who aimed at the acquisition of temporal profit as well as of spiritual merit.
Mispoulet, Les Institutions politiques des Romains (1883), ii.
Yanoski, De l'abolition de l'esclavage ancien au moyen age et de sa transformation en servitude de la glebe (Wallon and Yanoski had jointly composed a memoir to compete for a prize offered by the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences in 1837; Wallon's portion of the memoir became the foundation of his Histoire de l'esclavage dans l'antiquite above mentioned; Yanoski's part, the expansion of which was prevented by his early death, was posthumously published in 1860; it is no more than a slight sketch); Benjamin Gubrard, Prolegomenes au Polyptyque d'Irminon (1844); Fustel de Coulanges, Histoire des institutions politiques de l'ancienne France (2nd ed., 1877), and Recherches sur quelques problemes d'histoire (1885) (the latter work contains an admirable discussion of the whole subject of the colonatus, founded throughout on the original texts); Stubbs, Constitutional History of England (3 vols., 1874-1878).
(Stuttgart, 1896); Fustel de Coulanges, Histoire des institutions politiques de l'ancienne France - l'invasion germanique (Paris, 1891).
(Paris, 18 53-77); and "Maximes d'etat et fragments politiques," published by G.
Member of the university of Kiev, and of the Prussian, Bavarian and Danish academies; he received the Prussian order Pour le Write, and was corresponding member of the Academie des sciences morales et politiques of the French Institute.
The Memoires militaires, historiques et politiques, de Rochambeau were published by Luce de Lancival in 1809.
Linguet, however, continued his career of free lance, now attacking and now supporting the government, in the Annales politiques, civiles et litteraires, published from 1777 to 1792, first at London, then at Brussels and finally at Paris.
Fustel de Coulanges, Histoire des institutions politiques de l'ancienne France (Les Origines du systeme feodal, 1890; Les Transformations de la royaute pendant l'epoque carolingienne, 1892); A.
Flach, Les Origines de l'ancienne France (1886-1893); Paul Viollet, Drat public: Histoires des institutions politiques et administratives de la France (1890-1898); and Henri See, Les classes rurales et le regime domanial (1901).
- For the official acts of the reign, the Catalogue des actes de Francois I", published by the Academie des Sciences morales et politiques (Paris, 1887-1907), is a valuable guide.
The movement of ideas at the close of the century may best be traced in the Annales politiques, civiles, et litteraires (1777-1792) of Linguet.
Parke in 1798, and by Grimoard, Lettres historiques, politiques, philosophiques, &c., in 1808; for others see Pope's and Swift's Correspondence; W.
De Villele," in Annales des sciences politiques (vol.
Under the Restoration he was one of the chief editors of the Minerve francaise; he wrote also an essay, Sur le 18 Brumaire (1799), some Fragments politiques et litteraires (1817), and a treatise Des partis politiques et des factions de la pretendue aristocratie d'aujourd'hui (1819).
Le duc regnant de SaxeCoburg et Gotha sur la theorie des probabilites appliquee aux sciences morales et politiques (of which Sir J.
Dunant, Les Relations politiques de Geneve avec Berne et les Suisses, de 1536 d 1564 (Geneva, 1894); Documents de l'Escalade de Geneve (Geneva, 1903); G.
His Discours politiques (1847-1881) was published in 1882.
He was finally elected a member of the Academie des Sciences morales et politiques on the 11th of December 1897, in place of the duc d'Aumale, of whose life he wrote an account (vol.
He had been elected a member of the Academic des Sciences Morales et Politiques, re-established in 1832, and in 1837 was made the permanent secretary; he was also elected a member of the Academic Francaise in 1836, and sought no further honours.
See the eulogy of Mignet by Victor Duruy, delivered on entering the Academie Francaise on the 18th of June 1885, and the notice by Jules Simon, read before the Academie des Sciences Morales et Politiques on the 7th of November 1885.
Des Sciences morales et politiques, xxxii.
Poincare's published works include Du droit de suite dans la propriete mobilaire (1883); Idees contemporaines (1906); Questions et figures politiques (1907).
Marie du Mesnil, Memoire sur le prince Le Brun, duc de Plaisance (Paris, 1828); Opinions, rapports et choix d'ecrits politiques de C. F.
Faguet, Politiques et moralistes du XIX e siecle (1 ere serie, 1891); P. Godet, Madame de Charriere et ses amis (Geneva, 1905); L.
Translated into English, French, German, Dutch and Italian, it attracted much attention in Europe, and involved its author in considerable persecution, which, on the publication of his Portraits politiques des pages in 1822, culminated in a peremptory order to quit France.
Lalanne, 12 vols., Paris, 1864-1896); Relations politiques de la France et de l'Espagne avec l'Ecosse au 16 © siecle (ed.
V.), Cuvillier-Fleury (Portraits politiques et revolutionnaires); E.
Gambetta's Discours et plaidoyers politiques were published by J.
Reinach, Leon Gambetta (1884), Gambetta orateur (1884) and Le Ministere Gambetta, histoire et doctrine (1884); Neucastel, Gambetta, sa vie, et ses idees politiques (1885); J.
Among his writings we may also mention Memoires historiques, critiques et politiques sur la Revolution de France (Paris 1790; English trans.
De Sorbiere, conjoined with Le Traite de la nature humaine, by d'Holbach, in 1787, under the general title Les Ouvres philosophiques et politiques de Thomas Hobbes; a translation of the first section, " Computatio sive logica," of the De corpore, included by Destutt de Tracy with his Elemens d'ideologie (1804); a translation of Leviathan into Dutch in 1678, and another(anonymous)into German - Des Englanders Thomas Hobbes Leviathan oder der kirchliche and biirgerliche Staat (Halle, 1794, 2 vols.); a translation of the De cive by J.
Fustel de Coulanges, Histoire des institutions politiques de l'ancienne France (Paris, 1889-1890); L.
His French thesis for the doctorate of letters, Etude sur les pamphlets politiques et religieux de Milton (1848), showed that he was attracted towards foreign history, a study for which he soon qualified himself by mastering the Germanic and Scandinavian languages.
Flandin, Institutions politiques de l'Europe contemporaine (1909), tome iv.
See Ledru-Rollin, ses discours et ses ecrits politiques (2 vols., Paris, 1879), edited by his widow.
Paul Adam and Bernard Lazare, in the pages of a periodical entitled Entretiens politiques et litteraires (1890-92).
His works were published at Amsterdam in 1738-1740 and his Annales politiques in London in 1757.
In 1879 he became a professor at Bordeaux and in 1889 professor of medieval history at the Sorbonne; in 1895 he became a member of the Academie des sciences morales et politiques, where he obtained the Jean Reynaud prize just before his death on the 14th of November 1908.
- Bodin, Les Six livres de la Republique (Lyons, 1580); De republica libri sex (Paris, 1586); Stengel, Die Staatsund volkerrechtliche Stellung der deutschen Colonien (1886); Heimburger, Der Erwerb der Gebietshoheit (1888); D'Orgeval, Les Protectorats allemands; annales de l'Ecole des Sciences Politiques (1890); Wilhelm, Theorie juridique des protectorats (1890); Despagnet, Essai sur les protectorats (1896); Heilborn, Das volkerrechtliche Protectorat (1891); Hall, The Foreign Jurisdiction of the British Crown (1894) Stengel, Die deutschen Schutzgebiete (1895); Gairal, Les Protectorats internationaux; Ieze, Etude theorique, eec., sur l'occupation, eec. (1896); Trione, Gli stati civili nei loro rapporti giuridici coi popoli barbari e semibarbari (1889); Ilbert, The Government of India (1898); Jenkyns, British Rule and Jurisdiction beyond the Seas (1902); Laband, Das Staatsrecht des deutschen Reiches (1876-1882), Revue de droit international, civilises, et barbares, xvii.
" Coloni"; Fustel de Coulanges, Recherches sur quelques problemes d'histoire; Institutions politiques de la France (L'alleu et le domaine rural); F.