LUSIGNAN, the name of a family which sprang from Poitou and distinguished itself by its connexion with the kingdom of Jerusalem, and still more by its long tenure of the kingdom of Cyprus (1192-1475).
Though Conrad was almost immediately assassinated, the crown did not 1 A branch of the line continued in Poitou during the 13th century, and ruled in LaMarche till 1303.
To the north as far as the rocky point of St Gildas, sheltering the mouth of~he Loire, the shore, often occupied by salt marshes (marshes of Poitou and Brittany), is low-lying and hollowed by deep bays sheltered by large islands, those of Olron and Re lying opposite the ports of Rochefort and La Rochelle, while Noirmoutier closes the Bay of Bourgneuf.
Upper Poitou and the zone of south-western France to the north of the Pyrenees are the chief regions for the breeding of mules.
Asses are reared in Beam, Corsica, Upper Poitou, the Limousin, Berry and other central regions.
Poitou, Provmce, Roussillon, Touraine and Corse.
Of England espoused the cause of Guy, who came from his own county of Poitou, Philip Augustus espoused that of Conrad.
It was through her staunch defence of Mirabeau in Poitou that John got possession of his nephew's person.
In these dissensions it was inevitable that Philip Augustus and Richard I., already discordant, should take contrary sides; and while Richard naturally sided with Guy de Lusignan, who came from his own county of Poitou, Philip as naturally sided with Conrad.
The next ten years were spent in France, where he was connected with Georges de la Tremoille, and afterwards entered the household of Pierre de Breze, at that time seneschal of Poitou, by whom he was employed on missions to the duke of Burgundy, in an attempt to establish better relations between Charles VII.
This came in 1614 when he was elected by the clergy of Poitou to the last States-general which met before the Revolution.
Its original name was Duverger, derived from a fief near Bressuire in Poitou, and its pedigree is traceable to the 13th century.
Schuermans in his researches discovered that during the 15th and 16th centuries many glass-workers left Altare and settled in France, - the Saroldi migrated to Poitou, the Ferri to Provence, the Massari to Lorraine and the Bormioli to Normandy.
The constable de Richemont marched with the king's troops into Poitou, his old battleground with Georges de la Tremoille, and in two months he had subdued the country.
The dauphin and the duke of Alencon failed to bring about any sympathetic rising in Auvergne, and the Praguerie was over, except for some final pillaging and plundering in Saintonge and Poitou, which the royal army failed to prevent.
Had in 1589 created an independent military governor-generalship in favour of Duplessis-Mornay, continued till the Revolution to form a separate gouvernement, which included, besides Anjou, portions of Poitou and Mirebalais.
For nearly ten years he was engaged in fighting against the English in the south and the west of France, recovering from them the provinces of Poitou, Guienne and Auvergne, and thus powerfully contributing to the establishment of a united France.
WARS OF THE VENDEE, a counter-revolutionary insurrection which took place during the French Revolution, not only in: Vendee proper but also in Lower Poitou, Anjou, Lower Maine and Brittany.
There are numerous articles on the Vendean insurrection of 1793 in the Revue du Bas-Poitou, Revue historique de l'Anjou, Revue de Bretagne, de Vendee et d'Anjou, Revue historique de l'Ouest, Revue historique et archeologique du Maine, and La Vendee historique.
Bittard des Portes, "Bibliographie historique et critique des guerres de Vendee et de la Chouannerie" in the Revue du Bas-Poitou (1903 seq.); C. L.
In 1204 Hubert distinguished himself by a long and obstinate defence of Chinon, at a time when nearly the whole of Poitou had passed into French hands.
In 1213 he was appointed seneschal of Poitou, with a view to the invasion of France which ended disastrously for John in the next year.
At the Conquest it was part of the domain granted to Roger of Poitou, but reverted to the crown in 1102.
England and Normandy, after some hesitation, recognized John's title; the attempt of Anjou and Brittany to assert the rights of Arthur ended disastrously by the capture of the young prince at Mirebeau in Poitou (1202).
Had shown to Richard in giving him the government of Poitou while they were virtually landless.
His father died when he was still young, and he as educated at the court of his uncle Richard I., king of Engl nd, under whose leadership he gained valuable experience in ar, being appointed duke of Aquitaine, count of Poitou and earl of Yorkshire.
In 1152 by a marriage with Eleanor of Aquitaine, the divorced wife of the French king Louis VII., he acquired Poitou, Guienne and Gascony; but in doing so incurred the ill-will of his suzerain from which he suffered not a little in the future.
He was recognized as king in Touraine, Berry and Poitou, in Languedoc and other provinces of southern France; but the English power in the north was presently increased by the provinces of Champagne and Maine, as the result of the victories of Crevant (1423) and Verneuil (1424).
The revolt broke out in Poitou in 1440 and was known as the Praguerie.
Sent by his father in 1439 to direct the defence of Languedoc against the English, and to put down the brigandage in Poitou, he was induced by the rebellious nobles to betray his trust and place himself at the head of the Praguerie.
At an interview at Le Goulet on the 25th of March, Philip demanded the cession of Anjou, Poitou and Normandy to his ward, Arthur.
But John, joined by William des Roches and other lords of Maine and Poitou, jealous at the increase of Philip's power, defeated and took Arthur prisoner at Mirebeau.
The conquest of Maine, Touraine, Anjou and Poitou in 1204 and 1205 was little more than a military promenade, though the castles of Loches and Chinon held out for a year.
Then Poitou was thoroughly subdued, and another truce was made in 1208, little more than southern Saintonge and Gascony being left in the hands of John.
Artois, the Amienois, Valois, Vermandois, the greater part of the Beauvaisis, Normandy, Maine, Anjou, Touraine, and an important part of Poitou and Saintonge, were added to the domain during his reign.
He joined the county of Toulouse to his appanage of Poitou and Auvergne, on the death, in September 124 9, of Raymond VII., whose daughter Jeanne he had married in 1237.
Louis et du comte de Poitou sous son administration (1241-1271) (Poitou, 1869); E.
In 1659 he was giving directions as to the suppression of the revolt of the gentry which threatened in Normandy, Anjou and Poitou, with characteristic decision arresting those whom he suspected and arranging every detail of their trial, the immediate and arbitrary destruction of their castles and woods, and the execution of their chief, Bonnesson.
In the beginning of his reign he had to act as regent of Antioch, and to provide a husband, Raymund of Poitou, for the infant heiress Constance.
On his return to France he spent three years with the Chastaigners, accompanying them to their different châteaux in Poitou, as the calls of the civil war required.
Constantly moving through Poitou and the Limousin, as the exigencies of the civil war required, occasionally taking his turn as a guard, at least on one occasion trailing a pike on an expedition against the Leaguers, with no access to libraries, and frequently separated even from his own books, his life during this period seems most unsuited to study.
He was seneschal of Poitou in 1369, and was mortally wounded at the bridge of Lussac near Poitiers on the 31st of December.
See Benjamin Fillon, "John Chandos, Connetable d'Aquitaine et Senechal de Poitou," in the Revue des provinces de l'ouest (1855).
The war lingered on for a space on the continent; but Henry raised the siege of Rouen, which was being attacked by his eldest son and the king of France~ captured most of Richards castles in Poitou, and then received the, submission of his undutiful children.
Roused by the insult the Lusignans took arms, and a great part of the barons of Poitou joined them.
Philip then entered Normandy, while Arthur led a Breton force into Anjou and Poitou to aid the Lusignans.
He surprised his nephew while he was besieging the castle of Mirebeau in Poitou, where the old Queen Eleanor was residing.
He is said also to have starved to death twenty-two knights of Poitou who had been among his captives.
His armies pushed forward in the south Loss of also; Anjou, Touraine and nearly all Poitou submitted AnJou, to him.