Of Pittsfield, East Lee, adjoining it on the S.E., and South Lee, about 3 m.
PITTSFIELD, a city and the county-seat of Berkshire county, Massachusetts, U.S.A., in the western part of the state among the Berkshire Hills, and about 150 m.
Pittsfield is a popular summer resort; it lies in a plain about 1000 ft.
In the south-western part of Pittsfield, on the boundary between it and Hancock, is Shaker Village, settled about 1790 by Shakers.
Pittsfield has water-power and important manufacturing industries.
The first settlement in what is now Pittsfield was made in 1743, but was soon abandoned on account of Indian troubles.
The settlement was first called "Boston Plantation," or "Poontoosuck," but in 1761, when it was incorporated as a township, the name was changed to Pittsfield, in honour of the elder William Pitt.
In 1891 Pittsfield was chartered as a city.
For thirty years (1842-1872) Pittsfield was the home of the Rev. John Todd (1800-1873), the author of numerous books, of which Lectures to Children (1834; 2nd series, 1858) and The Student's Manual (1835) were once widely read.
At Pittsfield and at Dalton is centred the manufacture of fine writing papers, including that of paper used by the national government for bonds and paper money.
According to the census of 1900 there were 33 incorporated cities in Massachusetts, of which 8 had between 12,000 and 20,000 inhabitants; 5 between 20,000 and 25,000 (Everett, North Adams, Quincy, Waltham, Pittsfield); 2 io between 25,000 and 50,000 (Holyoke, Brockton, Haverhill, Salem, Chelsea, Malden, Newton, Fitchburg, Taunton, Gloucester); 7 between 50,000 and ioo,000 (Lowell, Cambridge, Lynn, Lawrence, New Bedford, Springfield, Somerville); and 3 more than roo,000 inhabitants, viz.
2 In 1905 Brookline and Chicopee also had more than 20,000; and Quincy and Pittsfield each had more than 25,000.
THEODORE AYRAULT DODGE (1842-1909), American soldier and military writer, was born at Pittsfield, Massachusetts, on the 28th of May 1842.
He studied medicine at Pittsfield, Massachusetts, and practised in Canada and in Wheeler, Steuben county, New York.
'AUSTIN PHELPS - (1820-1890), American Congregational minister and educationalist, was born on the 7th of January 1820 at West Brookfield, Massachusetts, son of Eliakim Phelps,' a clergyman, who, during the boyhood of his son was principal of a girls' school in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, and later pastor of a Presbyterian church in Geneva, New York.
The village of Bennington is served by the Rutland railway, and is connected by electric railway with North Adams and Pittsfield, Mass., and Hoosick Falls, N.Y.
Dawes died at Pittsfield, Mass., on the 5th of February 1903.