26) the success of the expedition he dated his letter from Fort Duquesne "or now Pitts-Bourgh," and this name, with its subsequent modification " Pittsburgh," was thereafter more commonly used than that of Fort Pitt, which, as designating the fortification proper appears to have been first applied by General John Stanwix to the enlarged fort built (at a cost, it was estimated, of £60,000) chiefly under his direction during 1759-1760.
But if of Pitt Pitt could not govern without Newcastles corruption, and Newneither could Newcastle govern without Pitts energy.
Even in Pitts day England, however imperfectly, rested its strength on the popular will.
Pitts sole object was to exalt England to a position in which she would fear no rival.
Unhappily, the king could not understand Pitts higher qualities, his bold confidence in the popular feeling, and his contempt for corruption.
When the war came to an end, as it must come to an end sooner or later, Pitts special predominance, derived as it was from his power of breathing a martial spirit into the fleets and armies of England, would come to an end too.
It was because the issues opened led to changes so far greater than the wisest statesman then perceived, that Pitts solution, logically untenable as it was, was preferable to Burkes.
During eight years, however, Pitts ministry was not nerely a Tory ministry resting on the choice of the king, but a L,iberal ministry resting on national support and upon advanced Dolitical knowledge.
Yet Pitts The conduct of the war, so far as the continent was con- I~evo!u cerned, had hitherto led to nothing but failure after tionary failure.
But Pitts policy broke on the stubborn obstinacy of George III., who believed himself bound by his coronation oath to resist any concession to the enemies of the Established Church.
He had been ceaselessly assailed, in and out)f paTliament, by the trenchant criticism, and often unmannerly sit, of Pitts friends, among whom George Canning was now :onspicuous.
Abroad, Pitts whole energies were directed to forming a fresh coalition against Bonaparte, who, on the 14th of May 1804, had proclaimed himself emperor of the French; but it was a year before Russia signed with Great Britain the treaty of St Petersburg (April ii, 1805), and the accession to the coalition of Austria, Sweden and Naples was not obtained till the following September.
Ministry Several members of Pitts administration were adof alt the mitted to this Ministry of all the Talents, including Talents.
It Charar~er had departed widely from the Toryism of Pitts of the younger years, which had sought to base itself on Tory popular support, as opposed to the aristocratic ex- party.
Canning, foe of the Revolution and all its works though he was, the old liberal Toryism of Pitts younger days seemed once more to emerge.