Carteret discovered the Charlotte and Gloucester Islands, and Pitcairn Island on the 2nd of July 1767; revisited the Santa Cruz group, which was discovered by Mendafia and Quiros; and discovered the strait separating New Britain from New Ireland.
Pitcairn, the American consul.
In 1856, 194 Pitcairn islanders took the place of the convicts.
Forty of them soon returned to Pitcairn Island, and the remainder deteriorated owing to intermarriage.
In 1767 Samuel Wallis worked through the central part of the Paumotus, and visited Tahiti and the Marianas, while his companion Philip Carteret discovered Pitcairn, and visited Santa Cruz, the Solomons and New Pomerania.
Pitcairn, in accordance with its peculiar conditions of settlement, has a peculiar system of local government.
Similar remains have been found on Pitcairn Island.
PITCAIRN, an island in the mid-eastern Pacific Ocean, in 25° 3' S., 130 6' W., belonging to Great Britain.
Pitcairn was the name of the midshipman who first observed it.
Meanwhile in 1790 a party consisting of Fletcher Christian, the leader of the mutiny, eight Englishmen, six Polynesian men and twelve Polynesian women had taken possession of Pitcairn Island and burned the "Bounty."
On the death of John Adams on the 29th of March 1829 George Hunn Nobbs, who had settled at Pitcairn in 1828, was appointed pastor and chief magistrate.
Through fear of drought the islanders removed to Tahiti in 1830, but disapproved of both the climate and the morals of this island, and returned to Pitcairn in 1831.
"They have adopted an extraordinary patois, derived from the language of the Tahitian women who accompanied the mutineers of the" Bounty "to Pitcairn Island, although most of the adults can speak the English language fairly well" (R.
Meinicke, Die Insel Pitcairn (Prenzlau, 1858); T.
Murray, Pitcairn (London, 1860), revised to date by C. C. Elcum (1885); Lady Belcher, The Mutineers of the "Bounty" (London, 1870); J.
Brown, "Stone Implements from Pitcairn Island," in Journ.
Hermann, "Die Bevolkerung der Insel Pitcairn," in Petermanns Mitteilungen (1901), xlvii.; Parliamentary Papers C. 9148, and Cd.
Of Pitcairn, and 2000 m.
In the evening of the 18th of April 1775 a British force of about Boo men under Lieut.-Colonel Francis Smith and Major John Pitcairn was sent by General Thomas Gage from Boston to destroy military stores collected by the colonists at Concord, and to seize John Hancock and Samuel Adams, then at Parson Clarke's house (now known as the Hancock-Clarke House) in Lexington.
The expedition had not proceeded far when Smith, discovering that the country was aroused, despatched an express to Boston for reinforcements and ordered Pitcairn to hasten forward with a detachment of light infantry.
Early in the morning of the 19th Pitcairn arrived at the green in the village of Lexington, and there found between sixty and seventy minute-men under Captain John Parker drawn up in line of battle.
Pitcairn ordered them to disperse, and on their refusal to do so his men fired a volley.
He married in 1891 Annie Pitcairn, daughter of Harrington Robley, of Glasgow, by whom he had a family; but he was left a widower in 1909.