The quarrel with Madame d'Epinay, with Diderot, and through them with the philosophe party reversed this.
He also published separately some juridical and physical theses, and a German translation of Memoires du philosophe de Merian.
He had the assistance of various members of the philosophe coteries in his most important work, L'Histoire philosophique et politique des etablissements et du commerce des Europeens dans les deux Indes (Amsterdam, 4 vols., 1770).
SAINT - MARTIN, LOUIS Claude De (1743-1803), French philosopher, known as "le philosophe inconnu," the name under which his works were published, was born at Amboise of a poor but noble family, on the, 8th of January 1743.
His chief works are: Essais de critique generale (1854-64), Science de la morale (1869), Uchronie (1876), Esquisse d'une classification syste'matique des doctrines philosophiques (1885-86), Philosophie analytique de l'histoire (1896-97), Histoire et solution des problemes me'taphysiques (1901); Victor Hugo: Le Poete (1893), Le Philosophe (1900); Les Dilemmes de la metaphysique pure (1901); Le Personnalisme (1903); Critique de la doctrine de Kant (1906, published by L.
Bossuet can only be thought of as the high-priest of authority and common-sense; but Fenelon has been made by turns into a sentimentalist, a mystical saint, an 18th-century philosophe, an ultramontane churchman and a hysterical hypocrite.
But while there are foreshadowings of the evolutionary theory in this work, neither the philosophe historians nor Hume nor Gibbon arrived at a constructive principle in history which could take the place of the Providence they rejected.
Moreau, Le Philosophe inconnu (1850); E.
Matter, Saint-Martin, le philosophe inconnu (1862); A.
Mime Necker, despite her talents, her beauty and her fondness for philosophe society, was strictly decorous, somewhat reserved, and disposed to carry out in her daughter's case the rigorous discipline of her own childhood.
Take away her assiduous frequentation of society, from the later philosophe coteries to the age of Byron - take away the influence of Constant and Schlegel and her other literary friends - and probably little of her will remain.
Brochard, Les Sceptiques grecs (1887); C. Martha, "Le Philosophe Carneade a Rome," in Revue des deux mondes, xxix.
Voltaire's strong point was not forgiveness, and, though Rousseau no doubt exaggerated the efforts of his "enemies," he was certainly henceforward as obnoxious to the philosophe coterie as to the orthodox party.
The Contrat social was obviously anti-monarchic; the Nouvelle Heloise was said to be immoral; the sentimental deism of the "Profession du vicaire Savoyard" in Emile irritated equally the philosophe party and the church.
Finally he quarrelled with Hume because the latter would not acknowledge all his own friends and Rousseau's supposed enemies of the philosophe circle to be rascals.
De l'amour de Dieu (1697); Entretiens d'un philosophe chretien et d'un philosophe chinois sur l'existence et la nature de Dieu (1708); Reflexions sur la promotion physique (1715).
Unlike the later reforming abbes of the philosophe period, Saint-Pierre was a man of very unworldly character and quite destitute of the Frondeur spirit.
Ruelle, Le Philosophe Damascius (1861); Ch.
Raynal escaped to Spa, and thence to Berlin, where he was coolly received by Frederick the Great, in spite of his connexion with the philosophe party.