AGAMEMNON, one of the most distinguished of the Greek heroes, was the son of Atreus (king of Mycenae) and Aerope, grandson of Pelops, great-grandson of Tantalus and brother of Menelaus.
His kingly office had come to him from Pelops through the blood-stained hands of Atreus and Thyestes, and had brought with it a certain fatality which explained the hostile destiny which pursued him.
TANTALUS, in Greek legend, son of Zeus (or Tmolus) and Pluto (Wealth), daughter of Himantes, the father of Pelops and Niobe.
74), or by killing his son Pelops (q.v.).
See Pelops, Phrygia; Sir W.
Tantalus's betrayal of the secrets of the gods refers to the sun unveiling the secrets of heaven; the slaying of Pelops denotes the going-down of the sun, Pelops meaning the "` gray one," an epithet of the gloomy sky in which the last rays of the sun are extinguished.
ATREUS, in Greek legend, son of Pelops and Hippodameia, and elder brother of Thyestes.
According to one of them, the first race was that between Pelops and Oenomaus, who used to challenge the suitors of his daughter Hippodameia and then slay them.
The leaders of the Achaean invasion were Pelops, who took possession of Elis, and Aeacus, who became master of Aegina and was said to have introduced there the worship of Zeus Panhellenius, whose cult was also set up at Olympia.
Pelops, by the treachery of Myrtilus, the charioteer of Oenomaiis, won the race and married Hippodameia.
The defeat of Oenomaiis by Pelops, a stranger from Asia Minor, points to the conquest of native Aresworshippers by immigrants who introduced the new religion of Zeus.
In 146 Galen began the study of medicine, and in about his twentieth year he left Pergamus for Smyrna, in order to place himself under the instruction of the anatomist and physician Pelops, and of the peripatetic philosopher Albinus.
PELOPONNESUS (" Island of Pelops"), the ancient and modern Greek official name for the part of Greece south of the Isthmus of Corinth.
PELOPS, in Greek legend, the grandson of Zeus, son of Tantalus and Dione, and brother of Niobe.
Tantalus one day served up to the gods his own son Pelops, boiled and cut in pieces.
The gods restored Pelops to life, and the shoulder consumed by Demeter was replaced by one of ivory.
Poseidon carried Pelops off to Olympus, where he dwelt with the gods, till, for his father's sins, he was cast out from heaven.
But by the help of Poseidon, who lent him winged steeds, or of Oenomaus's charioteer Myrtilus, whom he or Hippodameia bribed, Pelops was victorious in the race, wedded Hippodameia, and became king of Pisa (Hyginus, Fab.
The race of Pelops for his wife may be a reminiscence of the early practice of marriage by capture.
When Myrtilus claimed his promised reward, Pelops flung him into the sea near Geraestus in Euboea, and from his dying curse sprang those crimes and sorrows of the house of Pelops which supplied the Greek tragedians with such fruitful themes (Sophocles, Electra, 505, with Jebb's note).
Among the sons of Pelops by Hippodameia were Atreus, Thyestes and Chrysippus.
From Pisa Pelops extended his sway over the neighbouring Olympia, where he celebrated the Olympian games with a splendour unknown before.
His power and fame were so great that henceforward the whole peninsula was known to the ancients as Peloponnesus, "island of Pelops" (v rhos, island).
In after times Pelops was honoured at Olympia above all other heroes; a temple was built for him by Heracles, his descendant in the fourth generation, in which the annual magistrates sacrificed to him a black ram.
From the reference to Asia in the tales of Tantalus, Niobe and Pelops it has been conjectured that Asia was the original seat of these legends, and that it was only after emigration to Greece that the people localized a part of the tale of Pelops in their new home.
In the time of Pausanias the throne of Pelops was still shown on the top of Mt Sipylus.
The story of Pelops is told in the first Olympian ode of Pindar and in prose by Nicolaus Damascenus.
It is doubtful whether Xanthus recognized the Greek legends which brought Pelops from Lydia, or rather Maeonia, and made him the son of Tantalus.