1 The site of Palmyra lies 150 m.
The earliest mention of Palmyra is in 2 Chron.
The date of the Chronicler may be placed about 300 B.C., so Palmyra must have been in existence long before then.
Post, Narrative of a Second Journey to Palmyra in Pal.
30a); by this time Palmyra had become an important trade-post between the Roman and the Parthian states.
Palmyra also possessed the character of a religious centre, with the worship of the Sungod dominating that of inferior deities.
I 05), which left Palmyra without a competitor for the Eastern trade.
It is not till much later that Palmyra first appears in Western literature.
The trade followed two routes: 1 How the name Palmyra arose is obscure.
As a rule the buildings of Palmyra do not possess any architectural individuality, but these tombs are an exception.
The rise of Palmyra to a position of political importance may be dated from the time when the Romans established themselves on the Syrian coast.
69-79) the distinctive 2 " The soil of this marsh [east of Palmyra] is so impregnated with salt that a trench or pit sunk in it becomes filled in a short time with concentrated brine, the water of which evaporates in the intense sunshine and leaves an incrustation of excellent salt."
Position of Palmyra as an intermediate state between the two great powers of Rome and Parthia was recognized and carefully watched.
At a later date, probably under Septimius Severus or Caracalla (beginning of 3rd century), Palmyra received the Jus italicum and the status of a colony; the executive officials of the council and people were called strategoi, equivalent to the Roman duumviri (NSI.
It was the Parthian wars of the 3rd century which brought Palmyra to the front, and for a brief period raised her to an almost.
Conferred no doubt when Alexander Severus visited Palmyra in A.D.
The fortunes of Palmyra now passed into the vigorous hands of Zenobia, who had been actively supporting her husband in his policy.
Under Odenathus Palmyra had extended her sway over Syria and Arabia, perhaps also over Armenia, Cilicia and Cappadocia; but now the troops of Zenobia, numbering it is said 70,000, proceeded to occupy Egypt; the Romans under Probus resisted vigorously but without avail, and by the beginning of A.D.
In Palmyra Zenobia is still called "queen" ((aaLAcvoa, NSI.
For other references to Palmyra (called Tarmod) in the Talmud see Neubauer Geogr.
At length Aurelian arrived before the walls of Palmyra, which was captured probably in the spring of A.D.
Palmyra was destroyed and the population put to the sword.
The language spoken at Palmyra was a dialect of western Aramaic, and belongs to the same group as Nabataean and the Aramaic spoken in Egypt.
The religion of Palmyra did not differ in essentials from that of the north Syrians and the Arab tribes of the eastern desert.
" B of the heavens," = Zees µEycvros KepafYGoc, sometimes called " lord of eternity," but he was not included among the national gods of Palmyra, so far as we know, though he probably had a temple there.
After its overthrow by Aurelian, Palmyra was partially revived as a military station by Diocletian (end of 3rd century A.D.), as we learn from a Latin inscription found on the site.
400, Palmyra was the station of the first Illyrian legion (Not.
The ruins of Palmyra greatly interested the Arabs, and are commemorated in several poems quoted by Yaqut and others; they are referred to by the early poet Nabigha as proofs of the might of Solomon and his sovereignty over their builders the Jinn (Derenbourg, Journ.
References to Palmyra in later times have been collected by Quatremere, Sultans Mamlouks, ii.
The architecture was carefully studied by Wood and Dawkins in 1751, whose splendid folio (The Ruins of Palmyra, London, 1753) also gave copies of inscriptions.
For the coins von Sallet's Fiirsten von Palmyra (1866) must be read with his later essay in the Num.
The Pliocene deposits are not very widely spread and are generally of fresh-water origin excepting near the coast, but marine Pliocene beds have been found at el Forklus in the Palmyra desert.
Of these the principal are Karietein and Tadmor (Palmyra), through which passes the trade from Damascus to the east.
To this division Damascus and Palmyra belonged; occasionally they were reckoned to Coelesyria, the middle strip of coast being designated Syrophoenicia.
Syria, and Palmyra as the great road-station for eastern caravans.
In later times the cult of a god Satrapes occurs in Syrian inscriptions from Palmyra and the Hauran; by Pausanias vi.
That which comes into the European market as jaggery or khaur is obtained from the sap of several palms, the wild date (Phoenix sylvestris), the palmyra (Borassus flabellifer), the coco-nut (Cocos nucifera), the gomuti (Arenga saccharifera) and others.
Obalva80s, Palm, nris= "little ear"), the Latinized form of Odainath, the name of a famous prince of Palmyra, in the second half of the 3rd century A.D., who succeeded in recovering the Roman East from the Persians and restoring it to the Empire.
He belonged to the leading family of Palmyra, which bore, in token of Roman citizenship, the gentilicium of Septimius; hence his full name was Septimius Odainath (Vogue, Syrie centrale, Nos.
The year when he became chief of Palmyra is not known, but already in an inscription dated A.D.
260) left the eastern provinces largely at the mercy of the Persians; the prospect of Persian supremacy was not one which Palmyra or its prince had any reason to desire.
2 In a series of rapid and successful campaigns, during which he left Palmyra under the charge of Septimius Worod his deputy (N.S.I.
Among the chief productions of the plains are rice (the staple export of the country); pepper (chiefly from Chantabun); sirih, sago, sugar-cane, coco-nut and betel, Palmyra or sugar and attap palms; many forms of banana and other fruit, such as durian, orange-pommelo, guava, bread-fruit, mango, jack fruit, pine-apple, custard-apple and mangosteen.
273 Zenobia, queen of Palmyra, was assigned a residence here by Aurelian.
Among the rare big trees - found chiefly in the north-east - are baobab and palmyra and certain fruit trees, one bearing a pink plum.
Palmyra, of which we hear nothing before Roman times, is a notable instance.
Zenobia, queen of Palmyra, after an unsuccesslul invasion, on a second attempt conquered Egypt, which she added to her empire, but lost it when.
The province was, however, unsettled, and the :onquest of Palmyra was followed in the same year by the fuppression of a revolt in Egypt (AD.
The important part played by the mineral in the history of commerce and religion depends on this fact; at a very early stage of progress salt became a necessary of life to most nations, and in many cases they could procure it only from abroad, from the sea-coast, or from districts like that of Palmyra where salty incrustations are found on the surface of the soil.
Buttenwieser), of which the Antichrist is possibly Odaenathus of Palmyra, while Sibyll.
Znvo(3c'a), queen of Palmyra, one of the heroines of antiquity.
Here the roads from Damascus, by way of Palmyra, and from Mosul, by way of the Khabur, reach the Euphrates, and here there must always have been a town of considerable commercial and strategic importance.
WILLIAM THOMAS SAMPSON (1840-1902), American naval commander, was born at Palmyra, New York, on the 9th of February 1840, and graduated at the head of his class from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1861.
PALMYRA, the Greek and Latin name of a famous city of the East, now a mere collection of Arab hovels, but still an object of interest on account of its wonderful ruins.