The priests deserted the Temple for the palaestra and the young nobles wore the Greek cap. The Jews of Jerusalem were enrolled as citizens of Antioch.
(9) The Gymnasium and (10) the Palaestra are both inland, near the great Canopic street (Boulevard de Rosette) in the eastern half of the town, but on sites not determined.
To the west are the remains of an extensive building of the Roman period, probably a palaestra with a small Odeum attached.
To the east of the gorge the wall still follows the edge of low cliffs of the, coast, and continues to do so all along the east side of Achradina 1 The date of the fragment of city wall immediately to the north-east of the so-called palaestra is uncertain; it is therefore doubtful whether it can belong to this system of defences (Lupus, pp. 308, 331).
Immediately adjoining the gymnasium on the south was a Palaestra, the place of exercise for wrestlers and boxers.
The chief entrances to the palaestra were at south-west and south-east, separated by a double colonnade which extended along the south side.
Near the palaestra on the south a - Byzantine church forms the central point in a complex group of remains.
A copious supply of water was required for the service of the altars and temples, for the private dwellings of priests and officials, for the use of the gymnasium, palaestra, &c., and for the thermae which arose in Roman times.
Between the entrance to the triangular forum (so-called) and the temple of Isis is the Palaestra, an area surrounded by a colonnade; it is a structure of the pre-Roman period, intended for boys, not men.
The greater thermae (the so-called "Stabian" baths), which were originally built in the 2nd century B.C., and repaired about So B.C., are on a much more extensive scale than the others, and combine with the special purposes of the building a palaestra in the centre and other apartments for exercise or recreation.
The House of the Faun), and the colonnade round the forum, the basilica, the temples of Apollo and Jupiter, the large theatre with the colonnades of the Foro Triangolare, and the barracks of the gladiators, the Stabian baths, the Palaestra, the exterior of the Porta Marina, and the interior of the other gates - all the public buildings indeed (except the Doric temple mentioned under (t), which do not belong to the time of the Roman colony).
Beyond this, on the way to the east coast, are the remains of the new and the old palaestra, also partially excavated.
Dr Karl Schmidt's Margareta von Anjou, vor and bei Shakespeare (Palaestra, liv., Berlin, 1906) is a useful digest of authorities.