The islands are included in the administration of Padang, Sumatra.
The coal has to be transported by railway via Solok to Padang (Emmahaven), a seaport on the west coast.
Sibo Equator Bata :: Padang AVA Ketaun, in Lebong, flowing to the west coast, and of the upper Musi, flowing to the east coast; the valleys of Makakau and Selabung or the upper Komering, an affluent of the Musi, between Sebelat and Kaba.
Gets 126 in.; Singkel (2° 15' N.), 172 in.; and Padang 184 in.
Here, too, the prevailing rainfall is brought by the north-west monsoon, but in this belt its prevalence is not so pronounced, Padang getting 94 in.
For the foreign market coffee is the most important of all the crops, the Padang districts being the chief seat of its cultivation.
Above Padang are the several tribes of the prosperous and comparatively civilized Menangkabos.
The Korinchis live among the mountains south of Padang, and farther south on the borders of Palembang and Benkulen are the Rejangers, a peculiar tribe who employ a distinctive written character which they cut with a kris on bamboo or lontar.
In the west coast lands European influence, fertile soil, comparatively good roads, agriculture, timber, and coalfields have created populous settlements on the coast at Padang (the capital of the west coast, with 35,158 inhabitants in 1897, of whom 1640 were Europeans), Priaman, Natal, Ayer Bangis, Siboga, Singkel, and also on the plateaus at Fort de Kock, Payokombo, &c. In the east coast lands it is only at the mouths of rivers - Palembang at the mouth of the Musi, with 53,000 inhabitants, and Medan in Deli, the residence of the highest civil and military officials of the east coast, in which a fine government house has been erected - that considerable centres of population are to be found.
To 2° 25' S., comprises the residencies of the Padang lowlands, Tapanuli and the Padang highlands.
The governor has his residence at Padang, which is also the capital of the lowlands residency.
Padang Sidempuan, the chief town of Tapanuli, lies inland, south of Mt Lubu Raja.
Bukit Tinggi, or, as it is commonly called, Fort de Kock, is the capital of the residency of the Padang highlands.
Copper has been worked in the Padang highlands (most largely in the district of Lake Singkara) and at Muki in Achin.
There is a railway connecting not only the coalfields of the Ombilin valley with Padang, but also the Ombilin river and the Lake of Singkara with the most productive and densely populated plateaus and valleys, north and south of the line of the volcanoes Singalang, Merapi and Sago.
Certain inscriptions discovered in the Padang highlands seem to certify the existence in the 7th century of a powerful Hindu kingdomin Tanah Datar, not far from the site of the later capital of Menangkabo.
Elsewhere Dutch sovereignty was gradually extended - in 1664 over Indrapura; in 1666 over Padang, until by 1803 it was established over much of the southern part of the eastern lands, including Palembang.
Ijzerman, &c., Dwars door Sumatra, Tocht van Padang naar Siak (Haarlem, 1895); A.
And 97° 50'- 9 8 ° 35' E., belonging to the Ayerbangi district of the lowlands of Padang (Sumatra).