The osiers grown in the vicinity of St Quentin supply an active basket-making industry.
The ground about the hut was made solid and protected from corrosion by a palisade of wattled osiers, thus creating the earliest form of the fondamenta, or quay, which runs along the side of so many Venetian canals and is so prominent a feature in the construction of the city.
The species employed for this purpose are mostly of shrubby habit, and are known under the collective name of osiers (see Basket, and Osier).
Viminalis is one of the best of the green osiers, suitable for hoops and valuable for retaining the soil on sloping embankments.
Some harder varieties, known as stone osiers and raised on drier upland soils, are peeled and used for fine work.
It is commonly supposed that osiers or willows will prove remunerative and flourish with little attention on any poor, wet, marshy soil.
Sticks (two or three yearling osiers) are also grown for whitening and buffing: the less ligneous varieties of S.
Osiers or willows when tied for market vary locally in girth.
The cultivation of osiers is attended with many disturbing causes - winter floods, spring frosts, ground vermin and insect pests of various kinds, sometimes working great havoc to the crop.
A pamphlet on the cultivation of osiers in the Fen districts is issued in England by the Board of Agriculture.