BALDER, a Scandinavian god, the son of Odin or Othin.
Henri de Tourville, in his Histoire de la formation particulariste (1903), basing his argument on the Ynglinga Saga, interpreted in the light of " Social Science," reveals Odin, " the traveller," as a great " caravan-leader " and warrior, who, driven f rem Asgard - a trading city on the borders of the steppes east of the Don - by " the blows that Pompey aimed at Mithridates," brought to the north the arts and industries of the East.
The argument is developed with convincing ingenuity, but it may be doubted whether it has permanently " rescued Odin from the misty dreamland of mythology and restored him to history."
This necklace occurs in the story of the goddess Freya (Frigg), who is said to have caused the battle to conciliate the wrath of Odin at her infidelity, the price paid by her for the possession of the necklace Brisnigamen; again, the light god Heimdal is said to have fought with Loki for the necklace (the sun) stolen by the latter.
Honey-dew falls from the tree, and on it Odin hung nine nights, offering himself to himself.
The mythic element is practically lacking in the French legends, but in Germany some part of the Odin myth was associated with Charles's name.
The constellation of the Great Bear, generally associated with Odin, is Karlswagen in German, and Charles's Wain in English.
ODIN, or Othin (0.
In notices relating to religious observances Odin appears chiefly as the giver of victory or as the god of the dead.
Human sacrifices were very frequently offered to Odin, especially prisoners taken in battle.
The worship of Odin seems to have prevailed chiefly, if not solely, in military circles, i.e.
It is probable, however, that the worship of Odin was once common to most of the Teutonic peoples.
" hall of the slain"), the name given by the heathen Scandinavians to the abode in which the god Odin received the souls of those who had fallen in battle.
This magic bond was too strong for him until Ragnarok (Judgment Day), when he escaped and swallowed Odin and was in turn slain by Vidar, the latter's son.
It possesses several examples of Pictish and Scandinavian antiquities, such as the "Odin stone" and the broch of Burrowstone.
Farther north, on Odin Bay, is a round pit in the rocks called the Vat of Kirbuster.
Fogelberg of Gustavus Adolphus and of Odin, and of Oscar I.
Among these were Odin (Woden), Thor (Thunor) and Tyr (Ti); so also Frigg (Frig), the wife of Odin (see Frigg, Odin, Woden, Thor, Tyr).
Some scholars have thought that Balder, the son of Odin, was once known in Germany, but the evidence is at least doubtful.
This family of deities were collectively known as Vanir, and are said to have once been hostile to the Aesir, to whom Odin belonged.
Their worship was generally connected with peace and plenty, just as that of Odin was chiefly bound up with war.
Besides the anthropomorphic " giants, " mentioned above, Northern mythology speaks also of theriomorphic demons, the chief of which were Midgar6sormr, the " worldserpent," and Fenrisulfr, a monster wolf, the enemies of Thor and Odin respectively.
Those offered to Odin (Woden) were generally, if not always, men, from the time of Tacitus onwards.
A day was to come when Odin and Thor would fall in conflict with the wolf and the world-serpent, when the abode of the gods would be destroyed by fire and the earth sink into the sea.
The first soma is supposed to have been stolen from its guardian demon by an eagle, this soma-bringing eagle of Indra being comparable with the nectar-bringing eagle of Zeus, and with the eagle which, as a metamorphosis of Odin, carried off the mead.
He is not a prominent figure in Northern mythology, for even in this special capacity he is overshadowed by Odin, and there are hardly any traces of worship being paid to him.
ELATERITE, also termed Elastic Bitumen and Mineral Caoutchouc, a mineral hydrocarbon, which occurs at Castleton in Derbyshire, in the lead mines of Odin and elsewhere.
BRAGI, in Scandinavian mythology, the son of Odin, and god of wisdom, poetry and eloquence.
Owing to the very small amount of information which has come down to us regarding the gods of ancient England and Germany, it cannot be determined how far the character and adventures attributed to Odin in Scandinavian mythology were known to other Teutonic peoples.
According to the story he had obtained victory from Odin in return for a promise to give himself up at the end of ten years.
Thor, Odin and Fricco (by whom he probably means Frey).
It is traditionally supposed to occupy the site of a place of the worship of Woden or Odin, and the name of the town to be derived from this god through the form Wodensborough.