In the cultivated oat it may be wanting, and if present it is not so stiff and is seldom bent.
Parkinson tells us that in his time (early in the 17th century) the naked oat was sown in sundry places, but "nothing so frequent" as the common sort.
Some of the larger oat-producing counties also are in the south-east, but most of the buckwheat, barley and oats are grown in the north and west counties.
- Panicle of Oat, Arena saliva.
- Spikelet of Oat (Avena sativa) laid open, showing the sterile bracts gl, gl, or empty glumes; g, the fertile or floral glume, with a dorsal awn a; p, the pale; fs, an abortive flower.
The oat crop was 25,347,549 bushels in 1870; 42,050,910 bushels (grown on 1,115,149 acres) in 1899; and 56,225,000 bushels (grown on 1,730,000 acres) in 1909.
Corner, are the best oat-producing counties.
Buckman succeeded in raising "the potato-oat type" and "the white Tatarian oat" from grain of this species.
Strigosa, Schreb, "the bristle-pointed oat," is the origin of the Scotch oat, according to Buckman.
Besides the use of the straw when cut up and mixed with other food for fodder, the oat grain constitutes an important food for both man and beast.
In the last-named family the single morphological species Erysiphe graminis is found growing on the cereals, barley, oat, wheat, rye and a number of wild grasses (such as Poa, Bromus, Dactylis).
The oat crop was 10,886,000 bushels.
- Spikelet of Wild Oat, sativa, with two fertile florets, A.
With regard to the antiquity of the oat, A.
KoXXa, glue, and root yevof yevv6.aav, to produce, yiyvEo Oat, to become), the ground-substance of bones and tissues, is decomposed by boiling water or on warming with acids into substances named gelatin, glutin or glue.
In 1909 the oat crop was 1 5,39 0, 000 bushels from 300,000 acres; the acreage of wheat in 1909 was 350,000 and the production 10,764,000 bushels; the acreage of barley in 1909 was 50,000 acres, and 1,900,000 bushels were raised; the acreage of Indian corn in 1909 was 5000 acres, and 175,000 bushels were grown.
The first degree is then found by placing on the top of the stem a weight equal to i oat h of the weight of the instrument, which increases the volume immersed by i - 0 th of the original volume.
Modern scholars regard her as a goddess akin to Ops, Acca Larentia and Dea Dia; or as the goddess of the new year and the returning sun (according to Mommsen, ab angerendo = are) roi, ava Apeo Oat rae it Xtov).
9 (4, 5), on the relation of Greek sacrifices and festivals to Kou'wviac and politics: al yap apxaiac Ovotac Kai vuvoSoa 4aivovrac yiyveo-Oat uera rhs Kaplrcov crvyKoptSas olov airapxai; cf.
- Spikelet of Oat, A.
(After Buckman.) oat or panicled oats with a spreading panicle, A.
Oats are cut shortly before reaching maturity, when they are known as oat-hay.
The theory preceding is of practical application in the vestigation of the stability of the axial motion of a submarine oat, of the elongated gas bag of an airship, or of a spinning rifled rojectile.
(valued at $5,959, 000); the oat crop, 11,500,000 bu.
The annual average oat crop in all Canada is estimated at about 248 million bushels.
The form Avenae will grow on oat and many grasses but not on the other three cereals mentioned.
Wheat, which in 1899 ranked second ($2,131,953), showed an increase of more than 400% in the decade, and the farm value of the crop of 1907, according to the Year-book of the United States Department of Agriculture, was $5,788,000; the value of the barley crop in 1899 ($312,730) also increased more than 400% over that of 1889, and in 1907 the farm value of the product, according to the same authority, was $1,265,000; the value of the oat crop in 1899 ($7 02, 955) showed an increase of more than 300% in the decade, and the value of the product in 1907, according to the United States Department of Agriculture, was $2,397,000.
Riding of Yorkshire are especially productive in all crops these; the North and West Ridings of Yorkshire pro duce a notable quantity of barley and oats; and the oat-crops in the following counties deserve mention - Devonshire, Hampshire, Lancashire, Cumberland, Cornwall, Cheshire and Sussex.
Good examples are the oat, cock's-foot (Dactylis) and other British grasses.
Avena fatua is the wild oat and A.
Sativa the cultivated oat (q.v.).
They are often cut whilst still tender, dried and used as forage being known as oat hay (67,742,000 bundles of about 52 lb each were produced in 1904).
Lid Oat), in Herodotus (iv.
The oat crop is also much above the Australian average, and may be set down at 30 bushels an acre, but an average of 5 bushels higher is not infrequent.
Fatua, or "wild oat," or some similar species, of which several exist in southern Europe and western Asia.
The wild oat, moreover, has a long stiff awn, usually twisted near the base.
There are now n-, y varieties of the cultivated oat included under two principr races - common FIG.
The oat grain (excepting the naked oat), like that of barley, is closely invested by the husk.
O% in oat, but are only I 7 in wheat.
Disgusted with an employment which afforded him neither leisure for original work nor opportunities for acquiring scientific instruction, he presented himself in 1819 at the examination for admission to the staff corps Oat-major) and obtained a lieutenancy.
In Bessel's heliometer this would amount to a difference of o oat h of an inch when an angle of 1 ° is measured.
The oat crop in 1909 was 37,365,000 bushels; the Indian corn crop, 1,910,000 bushels; the wheat crop, 24,120,000 bushels; the barley crop, 8,820,000 bushels; the rye crop, 2,720,000 bushels; buckwheat, 7,512,000 bushels.
Stock-raising is generally preferred to the growing of cereals, and in western Wales the oat crops exceed in size those of wheat and barley.
Besides wheat, it produces 82% of the total corn crop, 91% of the total oat crop and 83% of the total hay crop of the United States.
Pease straw, if not sandy, and good bright oat straw are good fodder for horses; but with barley and wheat straw, in the case of a horse, more energy is consumed during its passage through the alimentary canal than the digested straw yields.
The "naked oat," A.
In 1907, according to the Year Book of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Indian corn crop was 22,196,000 bushels, valued at $11,986,000; the wheat crop was 14,763,000 bushels, valued at $14,172,000; the oat crop was 825,000 bushels, valued at $404,000; and the crop of rye was 315,000 bushels, valued at $236,000.
The form Tritici is the least sharply marked and will grow on wheat, barley, rye and oat but not on the other grasses.
The origin of the cultivated oat is generally believed to be A.
They bore by old custom the name of the king's Companions (raapot), and were distributed into 8 territorial squadrons Oat) of probably some 250 men each, making a normal total of 2,000.
3 lb Trisetum flavescens - Yellow Oat-grass.