Silver coins of Carthaea and Coressia have been found dating from the 6th century B.C.
NUMISMATICS and articles in the Numismatische Zeitschrift and Revue numismatique (e.g.
On coins, see article NUMISMATICS, and Dieudonne, Mélanges numism.
20-38; see also SICILY: History, and SYRACUSE; for his coins see NUMISMATICS: Sicily.
Muller, Numismatique d'Alexandre le Grand (1855); also Numismatics: § I.
Numismatics, section Greek, §" Arcadia."
He was interested too in numismatics, and his letters on Arabic coinage (in Eichhorn's Repertorium, vols.
Numismatics: Greek § Euboea.
NUMISMATICS: Greek, §" Epirus."
Besides a number of archaeological works, especially in the department of numismatics, he published a compilation from the Arabic, Persian and Turkish, entitled Paroles remarquables, bons mots et maximes des orientaux (1694), and a translation from an Arabic manuscript, De l'origine et du progres du café (1699).
(9th ed.) on Egypt, Hieroglyphics and Numismatics, and considerable portions have been retained in the present edition, even though later research has been active in his sphere of work; he also wrote for Smith's Dictionary of the Bible, and published several volumes dealing with his special subjects.
One mass of Greek and Roman erudition, including history and metaphysics, law and science, civic institutions and the art of war, mythology and magistracies, metrical systems and oratory, agriculture and astronomy, domestic manners and religious rites, grammar and philology, biography and numismatics, formed the miscellaneous subject-matter of this so-styled rhetoric. Notes taken at these lectures supplied young scholars with hints for further exploration; and a certain tradition of treating antique authors for the display of general learning, as well as for the elucidation of their texts, came into vogue, which has determined the method of scholarship for the last three centuries in Europe.
Head, Historia numorum (Oxford, 188 7), pp. 345-34 6; also NUMISMATICS, section Greek, " Patrae, Sicyon."
Numismatics by the Due de Luynes, Numismatique et inscriptions cypriotes (Paris, 1852); R.
The chief defect of his work, inevitable at the time it was composed, is that, drawing the materials from contemporary memoirs rather than from inscriptions, he relies on literary gossip rather than on numismatics and epigraphy.
Head, Historia numorum (Oxford, 1887), pp. 5 1 3-5 1 5, and NUMISMATICS: Greek.
But the real auxiliary sciences to history are those which deal with those traces of the past that still exist, the science of language (philology), of writing (palaeography), of documents (diplomatic), of seals (sphragistics), of coins (numismatics), of weights and measures, and archaeology in the widest sense of the word.
For the literature dealing with the Parthian Empire and numismatics, see PARTHIA, under which heading will be found a complete list of the kings, so far as we are able to reconstitute them.