Compounds are in like manner represented by writing the symbols of their constituent elements side by side, and if more than one atom of each element be present, the number is indicated by a numeral placed on the right of the symbol of the element either below or above the line.
The Arabians more closely resembled the Hindus than the Greeks in the choice of studies; their philosophers blended speculative dissertations with the more progressive study of medicine; their mathematicians neglected the subtleties of the conic sections and Diophantine analysis, and applied themselves more particularly to perfect the system of numerals, arithmetic and astronomy.
The history of V as the Latin numeral for 5 is uncertain.
As a numeral C denotes 100.
This, like the numeral symbols later identified with L and M, was thus utilized since it was not required as a letter, there being no sound in 'Latin corresponding to the Greek B.
If the interpretation of the Maya calculiform glyphs be trustworthy, these people had carried their numeral system into the hundreds of thousands and devised symbols for recording such high numbers.
(7) Very great interest attaches to the form penkaheh - which Torp very probably identifies with the Oscan stem pompaio - which is a derivative of the Indo-European numeral *penque " 5."
In others there are no special dual forms, but the numeral for two is used to indicate the dual.
5 This symbol is in all probability the early form of the letter which was known to the Greeks as San (vav) and in modern times as Sampi, and which is utilized as the numeral for 900 in the shape 7A.
Ban, each designated by the regional name (Danube, Morava, Drina, Shumaja, Timok and the Ban numeral, e.g.
In this way the history of numeral words furnishes actual proof of that independent intel lectural progress among savage tribes which some writers have rashly denied.
For a further account of the above systems see Numeral, and the authorities quoted at the end of the present article.
It has been suggested that names of this kind may have been the, origin of the numeral words of different races; but it is improbable that direct visual perception would lead to a name for a number unless a name based on a process of counting had previously been given to it.
In other respects the languages are remarkably alike, the only striking difference being in the numeral "one" - Skt.
In most of the languages there are no changes in nouns to form the plural, but an added numeral indicates number.