DUMAGUETE, the capital town of the province of Negros Oriental, island of Negros, Philippine Islands, on Tanon Strait.
SIQUIJOR, a town of the province of Negros Oriental, Philippine Islands, on a small island of the same name about 14 m.
M.), Negros (4881 sq.
In Negros is Mt Canlaon (8192 ft.), a volcano, and several summits exceeding 6000 ft.
Samar, Panay, Negros, Leyte, Bohol and Cebu are drained by many streams, and a few of those in Samar, Panay and Negros are of considerable size.
They are Babuyan Claro, Camiguin de Babuyanes and Didicas in the Babuyanes Islands off the north coast of Luzon; Cagua or Caua in north Luzon; Taal, Mayon and Bulusan in south Luzon; Canlaon and Magaso in Negros; Camiguin de Mindanao in the island of Camiguin, off the north coast of Mindanao; and Apo and Calayo in Mindanao.
The islands of Cebu, Bohol, Negros and Palawan are rarely shaken.
In Masbate, Panay, Guimaras and Negros there is a dark-coloured species marked with buff spots.
The water-buffalo, or caraboa, occurs in a wild state in Luzon, Mindoro, the Calamianes group, Masbate, Negros and Mindanao, but the wild herds are believed to have originated from domesticated animals.
Among the Carnivores are the binturong and an otter, both found in the PalawanCalamianes group; two civet cats, which range throughout the archipelago, and a wild cat of small size, which has been found in Palawan, Panay, Negros and Luzon.
Panay, Guimaras, Negros and Masbate constitute a sharply defined area, characterized not only by the occurrence of 30 peculiar species, but by the absence of important genera, and even whole families represented in the eastern islands.
It is a curious fact that Cebu stands quite by itself, although the deep channel separating it from Negros narrows at one point to about 4 m.
Most of the hemp (538,200 acres in 1902) is grown in south Luzon and in Samar and Leyte, but smaller crops are produced in Cebu, Mindoro, Marinduque, north Mindanao and south Negros; the crop became of commercial importance about 1855, and in 1907 the yield for export amounted to 112,895 tons.
About two-thirds of the sugar is produced in Negros, but it is an important crop in the provinces of Pampanga and Tarlac, within the lowland basin of Luzon, also in the province of Batangas on the south coast of Luzon, in the south and east of Panay, and in Cebu.
It is grown most extensively in the lowlands of the south half of Luzon, in north Panay and in Negros, but the culture of either the lowland or the upland varieties for local consumption is very general.
The Visayans are the principal inhabitants of the islands in the central part of the archipelago (Panay, Cebu, Negros, Leyte, Bohol, Samar, Masbate and Paragua) and on the north and east coasts of Mindanao; they were perhaps the most civilized people in the archipelago when discovered by the Spaniards, by whom they were originally called Pintados because they were in the habit of painting their bodies; but since then their progress has been less rapid than that of the Tagalogs - who constitute the bulk of the population of Manila and central Luzon and the majority of the population of Mindanao - who are now the most cultured of the brown races in the Philippines.
SILAY, a town of the province of Negros Occidental, island of Negros, Philippine Islands, on the N.W.