From 898, when first mentioned, to 1215 Ndrdlingen was subject to the bishops of Regensburg, but about 1215 it became a free city of the Empire.
Ndrdlingen was the scene of two great battles in the Thirty Years' War.
To the east of Ndrdlingen, about Allerheim, with their right resting on a hill and the left on a castle, the guns with an infantry escort being placed on these points, and the village itself in the centre being also garrisoned and entrenched.
Ndrdlingen, therefore, is a classical instance of the unprofitable and costly bataille rangee of the 17th century.
See Beyschlag, Geschichte der Stadt Nordlingen (Ndrdlingen, 1851), and Mayer, Die Stadt Nordlingen, ihr Leben and ihre Kunst im Lichte der Vorzeit (Ndrdlingen, 1856).