In his Naturgeschichte des Himmels, in which he anticipated the nebular theory afterwards more fully developed by Laplace, Kant sought to explain the genesis of the cosmos as a product of physical forces and laws.
Tiedemann, Anatomie and Naturgeschichte der Vogel, vol.
Fischer's Versuch einer Naturgeschichte von Livland appeared at Konigsberg, next year Beseke brought out at Mitau his Beytrag zur Naturgeschichte der Vogel Kurlands, and in 1794 Siemssen's Handbuch of the birds of Mecklenburg was published at Rostock.
But these works, locally useful as they may have been, did not occupy the whole attention of German ornithologists, for in 1791 Bechstein reached the second volume of his Gemeinnititzige Naturgeschichte Deutschlands, treating of the birds of that country, which ended with the fourth in 1795.
This Naturgeschichte der Vogel Deutschlands, being almost wholly rewritten by his son J.
In 1832 Kittlitz began to publish some Kup- fertafeln zur Naturgeschichte der Vogel, in which many new species are figured; but the work came to an end with its thirty-sixth plate in the following year.
In 1845 Reichenbach commenced with his Praktische Naturgeschichte der Vogel the extraordinary series of illustrated publications which, under titles far too numerous here to repeat, ended in or about 1855, and are commonly known collectively as his Vollsteindigste Naturgeschichte der Vogel.
In 1870 Anton Fritsch completed his Naturgeschichte der Vogel Europas (8vo, with atlas in folio); and in 1871 Messrs Sharpe and Dresser began the publication of their Birds of Europe, which was completed by the latter in 1879 (8 vols.
More germane to our present subject are the Osteographische Beitrage zur Naturgeschichte der Vogel of C. L.
That Nitzsch took this extended view is abundantly proved by the valuable series of ornithotomical observations which he must have been for some time accumulating, and almost immediately afterwards began to contribute to the younger Naumann's excellent Naturgeschichte der Vogel Deutschlands, already noticed above.
Pp. 107-115), and from the report upon them by Isidore Geoffroy 1 He says from Oken's Naturgeschichte far Schulen, published in 1821, but the division is to be found in that author's earlier Lehrbuch der Zoologie (ii.
In the year last mentioned the greater part of these was separately issued under the title of Beitrrige zur Kenntniss der Naturgeschichte der Vogel.
Keyserling and Blasius briefly pointed out in the Archie fur Naturgeschichte (v.
Among the many species whose anatomy Macgillivray thus partly described from autopsy were at least half a dozen' of those now referred to the family Tyrannidae (see King 1 Archiv fiir Naturgeschichte, vii.
Under the vague title of " Ornithologische Notizen " Professor Cabanis of Berlin contributed to the Archiv fiir Naturgeschichte (xiii.
Furthermore, the young of the goatsuckers are 1 Archl y fur Naturgeschichte, vii.
The division seems to have been instituted by this author a couple of years earlier in the second edition of his Handbuch der Naturgeschichte (a work not seen by the present writer), but not then to have received a scientific name.
Burger even goes so far as to homologize the proboscis with the Turbellarian " Einige Bemerkungen zur Metamorphose des Pilidium," Archir far Naturgeschichte (1873); L.
(1869); Max Schultze, Beitriige zur Naturgeschichte der Turbellarien (Greifswald, 1851) and Zeitschr.
It is curious that Laplace, while bestowing more attention than they deserved on the crude conjectures of Buffon, seems to have been unaware that he had been, to some extent, anticipated by Kant, who had put forward in 1755, in his Allgemeine Naturgeschichte, a true though defective nebular cosmogony.
Pallas also edited and contributed to Neue nordische Beitrage zur physikal schen Erdand Volkerbeschreibung, Naturgeschichte, and Oekonomie (1781-1796), published Illustrationes plantarum imperfecte vel nondum cognitarum (Leipzig, 1803), and con tributed to Buffon's Natural History a paper on the formation of mountains.
His collected works, including Ober den Einfluss der Chemie and Mineralogie (1824), Die Naturgeschichte des Mineralreichs (1842), Ober die Theorien der Erde (1844), were published at Munich in 1856.
His chief scientific and philosophical works are: Beitrdge zur innern Naturgeschichte der Erde (1801); Grundzilge der.
Pruner, Agyptens Naturgeschichte and Anthropologie (Erlangen, 1848); R.
His first treatise was Die Naturgeschichte des Menschen (in 2 vols., Kempten, 1831).