Natal proper has a seaboard of 166 m.
Land lines connect Natal with every part of South Africa and with Nyasaland and Ujiji.
Sir Matthew Nathan has been governor of Hong-Kong and Natal, and among Jewish statesmen in the colonies Sir Julius Vogel and V.
The Natal natives have preserved their tribal organization to a considerable extent.
The works which have made Port Natal the finest harbour in South Africa are described under Durban.
The Orange Free State line, after leaving Ladysmith, ascends by steep gradients the whole of its own course in Natal territory, and when it gains the summit at Van Reenen's Pass it is 5500 ft.
Natal was from 1893 to 1910 a self-governing colony.
The schism arose out of the alleged heterodox views of Bishop Colenso (q.v.), who had been created bishop of Natal by letters patent in 1853.
During the rebellion of the natives in Natal and Zululand in 1906 the Basuto remained perfectly quiet.
Griesbach, " On the Geology of Natal in South Africa," Quart.
Pp. 53-7 2 (1871); P. C. Sutherland, " Notes on an Ancient Boulder Clay of Natal," Quart.
Survey, Natal and Zululand (Pietermaritzburg, 1901; London, 1904); and " Science in South Africa," Handbook, Brit.
In a distance of 170 m., Natal possesses several varieties of climate but is nowhere unhealthy.
Botanically, Natal is divided into three zones: (1) the coast belt, extending from the sea inland to heights of 1500 ft., and in some cases to 1800 and 2000 ft.; (2) the midland region, which rises to 4000 ft.; (3) the upper regions.
The heaths and proteads common at the Cape peninsula, in Basutoland and other parts of South Africa, are rare in Natal, but almost any species of the flora of semi-tropical and temperate countries introduced attains perfection.
The amatungulu or Natal plum, found chiefly near the sea, is one of the few wild plantswith edible fruit.
Other wild fruits are the so-called Cape gooseberry (not native to Natal) and the kaw apple or Dingaan apricot, which grows on a species of ebony tree.
The midland region is characterized by grass lands (the Natal grasses are long and coarse) and by considerable areas of flat-topped thorn bush mimosa.
The larger animals which abounded in Natal in the first half of the 19th century have been exterminated or driven out of the country.
The birds of Natal are of many species; some have beautiful plumage, but none of them, with the exception of the canary, are to be considered as songsters.
Woodward, Natal Birds (Maritzburg, 1899).
The native inhabitants of Natal proper were almost exterminated by the Zulus in the early years of the 19th century.
Before that period the natives of what is now Natal proper were estimated to number about 10o,000.
Of the tribes who were in Natal before the Zulu invasion about 1812, the two largest are the Abatembu (who are in five main divisions and number about 30,000) and the Amakwabe (seven divisions and about 20.000 people).
The three last tribes are among those which sought refuge in Natal from Zulu persecution, before the establishment of British rule in 1843.
Of Durban (q.v.), the seaport and only large city in Natal, pop. 67,842.
Durban (Port Natal) is in regular communication with Europe via Cape Town and via Suez by several lines of steamers, the chief being the boats of the Union-Castle line, which sail from Southampton and follow the west coast route, those of the German East Africa line, which sail from Hamburg and go via the east coast route and those of the Austrian Lloyd from Trieste, also by the east coast route.
Gauge and was privately owned, but, when in 1876 the Natal government determined to build and own a railway system which should in time cover the country, the existing line was bought out and the gauge altered to 3 ft.
On this, the normal South African gauge, all the Natal railways, save a few 2-ft.
To Riverside Station, forming a link in the scheme for direct communication between Natal and East London and Port Elizabeth.
As might be expected in a country possessing the physical features of Natal, the gradients and curves are exceptionally severe.
NATAL, a maritime province of the Union of South Africa, situated nearly between 27° and 31° S., 29° and 33° E.
In this article the description of the physical features, &c. refers only to Natal proper.
The south-eastern sides of the mountains are in part covered with heavy timber, while the semi-tropical luxuriance of the coast belt has earned for Natal the title of " the garden colony."
It extends from the mouth of the Umtamvuna river (31° 4' S., 30° 12' E.), which separates Natal from the Cape, to the mouth of the Tugela (29° 15' S., 31° 30' E.), which marks the frontier between Natal and Zululand.
The southern entrance to Durban harbour is marked by a bold bluff, the Bluff of Natal, which is 250 ft.
The chief heights in Natal between Mont-auxSources and Laing's Nek are Tintwa (7500 ft.), Inkwelo (6808 ft.) and the flat-topped Majuba (7000 ft.).
This range contains, in Indumeni (7200 ft.), the highest mountain in Natal outside the main Drakensberg.
All the rivers of Natal not purely coast streams have their origin in the Drakensberg or its secondary ranges.
Below the junction the Umzimkulu forms for some distance the frontier between Natal and the Griqualand East division of the Cape.
Port Shepstone is situated at the mouth of the river, which, like that of all others in Natal, is obstructed by a bar.
Of Giant's Castle, passes through the central part of Natal and reaches the sea 4 m.