YUN -NAN FU, the capital of the province of Yun-nan, China, in 25° 6' N., 102° 52' E.
The native dynasty (Ming) which supplanted them established their residence at Nan-king ("South Court"), but this proved so inconvenient that Yunglo, the third sovereign of the dynasty, reoccupied Ta-tu, giving it then, for the first time, the name of Pe-king ("North Court").
HU-NAN, a central province of China, bounded N.
24.3; Nan, A6yos, Ipovjvcs, Eocaia, Duvaµcs; according to Clemens, Strom.
The provincial capital is Nan-ch'ang Fu, on the Kan Kiang, about 35 m.
The whole province is traversed in a south-westerly and north-easterly direction by the Nan-shan ranges.
During the summer time it has water of sufficient depth for steamers of light draft as far as Nan-ch'ang, and it is navigable by native craft for a considerable distance beyond that city.
The Tali-Bhamo caravan route, described by Colborne Baker, crosses the river by one of those iron suspension bridges which are a feature of Yun-nan, at a height of 4700 ft.
Thence it turns north-west, following the Great Wall for over 300 m.; it then crosses the plateau so as to separate Mongolia from the Chinese province of Sin-Kiang (Hari-su-sin-tsiang, which includes the Nan-shan highlands and eastern Turkestan), and from Dzungaria, reaching the Chinese or Ektagh Altai in 46° 30' N., 92° 50' E.
Other important contributors to this sphere of literature were Isho' bar Nan (t827/8), John bar Zo`bi (beginning of the 13th century), Jacob bar Shakko (f1241), and the great Nestorian scholar `Abadisho' (f 1318).
From the 10th to the 13th century (960-1272) the city, whose real name was then Ling-nan, was the capital of southern China and the seat of the Sung dynasty, which was dethroned by the Mongolians shortly before Marco Polo's visit.
By Ho-nan, E.
WUCHANG, the capital of the combined provinces of Hup-eh and Hu-nan, China.
Yun-nan, once formed an independent kingdom which extended into E.
The principal rivers are the Yangtszekiang (locally known as the Kinsha-kiang=Golden Sand river), which enters Yun-nan at its N.W.
This last-named river is navigable from the Gulf of Tongking to Man-hao, a town ten days' journey from Yun-nan Fu.
Broad, and the other near Yun-nan Fu, which measures from 70 to 80 m.
Besides run-nan Fu, the capital, the province contains thirteen prefectural cities, several of which - Teng-ch`uen Fu, Ta-li Fu, Yung-ch`ang Fu, Ch`u-siung Fu and Lin-gan Fu, for example - are situated in the valley plains.
Yun-nan Fu is connected by railway (1910) with Tongking.
Yun-nan with Tibet.
Davies, Yun-nan, the Link between India and the Yangtze (Cambridge, 1909); A.
Inochi nan ken J
At any rate the Astintagh, whether it is the principal continuation of the Kuen-lun or only a subsidiary flanking system, is itself the westward continuation of the Nan-shan or Southern Mountains, which reach down far into China (to 113° E.).
The Nan-shan highlands abut upon the highlands of the Chinese province of Kansuh, and near the great northward bend of the Hwang-ho they meet the escarpments by which the Great Khingan and the In-shan ranges are continued, and by which the Mongolian plateau steps down to the lowlands of China.
Generally speaking, the Nan-shan highlands are a region raised 12,000 to 14,000 ft.
In the central Nan-shan it is only the north-eastern slopes that bear forests.
Chi-Nan Fu >>
To this disturbing cause was added another in 1861 by the spread of the Mahommedan rebellion in Yun-nan into some of the south-western districts of the province.
Before the rebellion Yun-nan Fu had a prosperous aspect; the shops were large and well supplied with native silken goods, saddlery, &c., while English cotton, Russian cloths and raw cotton from Burma constituted the main foreign merchandise.
The bofindary between the mountains and the piedmont belt is called the Blue Ridge all along its length; and although the nan:e is fairly appropriate in northern Virginia, it is not deserved in the Carolinas, where the ridge is only an escarpment descending abruptly 1000 or 1500 ft~ from the valleys of the mountain belt to the rolling uplands of the piedmont belt; and as such it is a form of unusual occurrence.
The Turkestan Platycercomys (or Pygeretmus) has a lancet-shaped tail and no premolars; while Cardiocranus of the Nan-shan district of Central Asia has a similar type of tail, but short ears and a peculiarly triangular skull.
A mint at Yun-nan Fu issued annually ior,000,000 cash.
The construction of a British railway to connect Burma with Yun-nan Fu and onwards to the Yangtsze-kiang has been in contemplation.
By Hu-nan, S.
BE.) The Nan-shan Highlands overlook Tsaidam on the N.E.
The Nan-shan highlands have their foot on the Mongolian plateau (average altitude, 4000 ft.), i.e.
This border-range, which continues on to the 97th meridian, separates the Nan-shan range from the Pe-shan range.
The Nan-shan mountains consist of short irregular chains, separated by broad plains, dotted with lakes, which differ but slightly in altitude from Tsaidam (8800-900o ft.).
Above the general level of that plateau, connect the central Nan-shan with the next parallel ranges, namely, those of the eastern Nan-shan.
Thus, one of them is named indiscriminately Nan-shan, Richthofen Range and Momoshan.
High, named Lung-shan by Obruchev, which borders the Kan-chow and Lianchow valley on the N.E., and belongs to the Nan-shan system.
The glaciers also attain a greater development in the western portion of the Nan-shan, but the valleys are dry, and the slopes of both the mountains and the valleys, furrowed by deep ravines, are devoid of vegetation.