As early therefore as the late 16th century B.C. the name Naharin (N'h'ryn) was in use.
The Naharin or Naharen of the Egyptian texts appears some five generations later in the Canaanitic of the Amarna letters in the form Nabrim (a), which would seem.
About the same time Naharin (N-h-ry-n) is given as the northern boundary of Egypt's domain (year 30 of Amenbotep or Amenophis III.), over against Kush in the south (tomb of Khamhet: Breasted, Anc. Rec. ii.
The origin of the name is suggested by the Euphrates being called "the water of Naharin," - on the Karnak stele more fully "the.
Water of the Great Bend (par wr) of Naharin (N-h-r-n)" (Breasted8222; Anc. Rec. ii.
263), or on the Constantinople obelisk simply "the Great Bend of .Naharin" (loc. cit.
The Sea of the Great Bend would seem to be the sea fed by the north-to-south waters of Naharin, just as the Mediterranean, fed by the south-to-north waters of the Nile, is called the Great Circle (353;n wr).
Since a Mitanni princess of these letters is called in Egyptian scarabs a princess of Naharin, it is clear that Mitanni and Naharin are more or less equivalent, whilst in the Amarna letters, even Tushratta, the king of Mitanni, seems to use in the same way the name Khanigalbat.
After they had been driven out of Egypt (q.v.), when Ahmose, the officer of Tethmosis (Thutmose) I., mentions Naharin (late 16th century), he does not say anything about the inhabitants.
4 Victorious expeditions into Naharin are claimed for Amenophis II., Tethmosis IV.
We know already a little more of the chequered history of the Amorites in the Naharin district, beset by great powers on three sides.