The first to attempt to define pitch would seem to have been Arnold Schlick (Musica ausgeteutscht and ausgezogen, Heidelberg, 1 511), who gives a measure, a line of 4s Rhenish inches, which, he says, multiplied sixteen times, should be the lowest F of a small organ.
The De Institutione Arithmetica, De Institutione Musica, and the doubtful Geometria (for which see G.
Friedlein (Leipzig, 1867); German translation of the De Musica, with explanatory notes, by O.
Miekley, De Boethii libri de musica priori fontibus (Jena, 1899).
Probably he was beyond his age in this science, for we read of Garamnus, his first tutor at Reims, whom he attempted to ground in this subject: "Artis difficultate victus, a musica rejectus est."
Music.-Musica (1902); Revue d'histoire et de critique musicale (1901); Annales de la musique; Le Menestral, weekly.
These are published in the second volume of Gerbert's Scriptores ecclesiastici de musica sacra.
Martini's most important works are his Storia della musica (Bologna, 1757-1781) and his Saggio di contrapunto (Bologna, 1 7741 775).
9 _ Elementa musica, chap. xxvi.
The Musica Enchiriadis, published with other writings of minor importance in Gerbert's Scriptores de Musica, and containing a complete system of musical science as well as instructions regarding notation, has now been proved to have originated about half a century later than the death of the monk Hucbald, and to have been the work of an unknown writer belonging to the close of the 10th century and possibly also bearing the name of Hucbald.
216 et seq.); Coussemaker, Memoire sur Hucbald (Paris, 1841); Hans Muller, Hucbald's echte and unechte Schriften fiber Musik (Leipzig, 1884); Spitta, Die Musica Enchiriadis and seine Zeitalter (Vierteljahresschrift ffir Musikwissenschaft, 1889, 5th year).
The phrase Il Principe della Musica, which has become finally associated with the name of Palestrina, originates with this biography.