Muntjacs, Genus Cervulus.
Tufted Muntjacs, Genus Elaphodus.
For the small eastern deer, respectively known as muntjacs (Cervulus) and tufted muntjacs or tufted deer (Elaphodus), see Muntjac; while under Water-Deer will be found a notice of the Chinese representative of the genus Hydrela phus (or Hydropoles).
As regards general characteristics, all muntjacs are small compared with the majority of deer, and have long bodies and rather short limbs and neck.
Muntjacs are solitary animals, even two being rarely seen together.
The last-mentioned species, by its frontal tuft, small rounded ears, general brown coloration, and minute antlers, connects the typical muntjacs with the small tufted deer or tufted muntjacs of the genus Elaphodus of eastern China and Tibet.