Mehemet Ali was said to have appointed as mudir or governor in a turbulent district a young and inexperienced Turk, who asked, But how am I to govern these people?
Most of these ministers were abolished under the new constitution, and the heads of subsidiary departments are entitled mudir or rais, and are placed under the responsible ministers.
Each of the mudirias into which the country is divided is presided over by a mudir (governor) responsible to the central govern ment at Khartum.
In each mudiria criminal justice is administered by a court, consisting of the mudir (or a judge) and two magistrates, which has general competence.
The magistrates are members of the administrative staff, who try minor cases without the help of the mudir (or judge).
Civil cases of importance are heard by a judge (or where no judge is available by the mudir or his representative); minor civil cases are tried by magistrates.