We therefore define algebraical division by means of algebraical multiplication, and say that, if P and M are multinomials, the statement " P/M = Q " means that Q is a multinomial such that MQ (or QM) and P are identical.
As the ring is moved from 0 to 0' in time t, with velocity Q, and angular velocity R, the components of liquid momentum change from aM'U +E and SM'V along Ox and Oy to aM'U'+ and /3M'V' along O'x' and O'y', (I) the axis of the ring changing from Ox to O'x'; and U = Q cos 0, V = Q sin 0, U' =Q cos (o - Rt), V' =Q sin (0 - Rt), (2) so that the increase of the components of momentum, X 1, Y 1, and N1, linear and angular, are X 1 = (aM'U'+ 0 cos Rt - aM'U - - 1 3M'V' sin Rt =(a - (3)M'Q sin_(0 - Rt) sin Rt - ver Rt (3) Y 1 = (aM'U'+) sin Rt-[-13M'V' cos Rt - (3M'V = (a - (3) M'Q cos (0 - Rt) sin Rt +t sin RT, N1=[ - (aM'U'+E) sin (0 - Rt)+ 1 3M'V' cos (o - Rt)]OO' = [- (a - 1 3) M'Q cos (o - Rt) sin (o - Rt) - sin (o - Rt) ]Qt.
ZI /t = - (a - s) M'Q 2 sine cos ° - EQ sin() =[ - (a - (3)M'U+E]V (8) Now suppose the cylinder is free; the additional forces acting on the body are the components of kinetic reaction of the liquid - aM' (Ç_vR), - (3M' (-- E -FUR), - EC' dR, (9) so that its equations of motion are M (Ç - vR) _ - aM' (_vR) - (a - $) M'VR, (io) M (Ç+uR) = - OM' (dV+U R) - (a - ()M'UR - R, '(II) C dR = dR + (a - Q)M'UV+0V; (12) and putting as before M+aM'=ci, M+13M' = c2, C+EC'=C3, ci dU - c2VR=o, dV +(c1U+E)R=o, c 3 dR - (c 1 U+ - c 2 U)V =o; showing the modification of the equations of plane motion, due to the component E of the circulation.
Draw MQ downwards, the same multiple of Mm.
24.5F = wbx, IM = Fi~x, whence FQ Fr Jrwdx, MQ Mi.
It is constructed by the following method: Let AQB be a semicircle of diameter AB, produce MQ the ordinate of Q to P so that MQ: MP :: AM: AB.
If M and N are respectively m and n times a unit, and P and Q are respectively p and q times a unit, then the quantities are in proportion if mq = np; and conversely.