The parish of Mortlach, in which Dufftown is situated, is rich in archaeological and historical associations.
What is called the Stone of Mortlach is traditionally believed to have been erected to commemorate the success of Malcolm II.
The old church of Mortlach, though restored and almost renewed, still contains some lancet windows and a round-headed doorway, besides monuments dating from 1417.
Of Elgin stands the church of Birnie, with the exception of the church at Mortlach in Banffshire probably the oldest place of public worship in Scotland still in use.
The see of Aberdeen was first founded at Mortlach in Banffshire by Malcolm II.