Morale was low, and many had lost faith in Gabriel.
He was also the author of Science et philosophie (1886), which contains a well-known letter to Renan on "La Science ideale et la science positive," of La Revolution chimique, Lavoisier (1890), of Science et morale (1897), and of numerous articles in La Grande Encyclopedie, which he helped to establish.
Touchard, La Morale de Descartes (1898); Lucien LevyBruhl, Hist.
In L'Evolutionnisme des idees forces (1890), La Psychologie des idees forces (1893), and La Morale des idees forces (1907), is elaborated his doctrine of idees forces, or of mind as efficient cause through the tendency of ideas to realize themselves in appropriate movement.
En Angleterre et en France (Paris, 1878); La Science sociale contemporaine (1880); La Propriete sociale et la democratie (1884); Critique des systemes de morale contemporains (1883); La Morale, l'art et la religion d'apres Guyau (1889); L'Avenir de la metaphysique fondee sur l'experience (1889); L'Enseignement au point de vue national (1891); Descartes (1893); Temperament et caractere (2nd ed., 1895) Le Mouvement positiviste et la conception sociologique du monde (1896); Le Mouvement idealism et la reaction contre la science positive (1896); La Psychologie du peuple frangais (2nd ed., 1898); La France au point de vue moral (1900); L'Esquisse psychologique des peuples europeens (1903); Nietzsche et l'"immoralisme" (1903); Le Moralisme de Kant (1905).
The rules for composition there laid down are, perhaps, somewhat pedantic. His philosophical writings were La Morale d'Epicure tiree de ses propres ecrits (1758), and the Histoire des causes premieres (1769).
He indeed to some degree professed this; and more than once I have heard him say that there were occasions upon which ' la petite morale etait ennemie de la grande.'
His principal work in this line, Theorie de la morale, is little more than a somewhat patronizing reproduction of Kant.
His publications include: Disquisitio mathematica in causam physicam figurae et magnitudinis terrae (Milan, 1751); Saggio della morale filosofia (Lugano, 1 753); Nova electricitatis theoria (Milan, 1 755); Dissertatio de motu diurno terrae (Pisa, 1758); Dissertationes variae (2 vols.
Ravaisson's chief philosophical works are: "Les Fragments philosophiques de Hamilton" (in the Revue des Deux Mondes, November, 1840); Rapport sur le stoicisme (1851); La Philosophie en France au dix-neuvieme siecle (1868; 3rd ed., 1889); Morale et metaphysique (1893).
His speculations were carefully criticized by Cousin (see his Cours d'histoire de la philosophie morale au dix-huitieme siecle, pt.
Pliny rightly praises Trajan as the lawgiver and the founder of discipline, and Vegetius classes Augustus, Trajan and Hadrian together as restorers of the morale of the army.
The very sensation created by the novelty of his methods set standards and started reforms which have greatly improved the morale of the entire force.
In the Systeme social (1 773), the Politique naturelle (1773-1774) and the Morale universelle (1776) Holbach attempts to rear a system of morality in place of the one he had so fiercely attacked, but these later writings had not a tithe of the popularity and influence of his earlier work.
In 1796 he was made a member of the Institute, was appointed to a professorship of political economy, and founded tin Journal d'economie publique, de morale et de legislation.
Vacherot) (1864); La Morale et la loi de l'histoire, setting forth his social views (1868); Mgr.
See Le Clerc's Parrhasiana ou pensees sur des matieres de critique, d'histoire, de morale, et de politique: avec la defense de divers ouvrages de M.
A year later he published his Apologie pour la morale des Reformes.
His chief philosophical works were an edition of the The'odicee of Leibnitz (1874), a monograph on Locke (1878), Devoirs et droits de l'homme (1880), Glissonius utrum Leibnitio de natura substantiae cogitanti quidquam tribuerit (1880)-, De La solidarite morale (4th ed., 1893).
His lectures at Fontenoy have been published in two volumes entitled Lecons de psychologie appliquee a l'education, and Lecons de morale; those delivered at the Sorbonne are collected in L'Education dans l'universite (1892).
His writings include: Della economia pubblica e delle sue attinenze con la morale e col diritto (Bologna, 1859), and La Chiesa e lo Stato (Milan, 1878).
A volume of Essais de morale et de politique introduced him to the notice of Napoleon, who attached him to the staff of the council of state.
His chief works are: Essais de critique generale (1854-64), Science de la morale (1869), Uchronie (1876), Esquisse d'une classification syste'matique des doctrines philosophiques (1885-86), Philosophie analytique de l'histoire (1896-97), Histoire et solution des problemes me'taphysiques (1901); Victor Hugo: Le Poete (1893), Le Philosophe (1900); Les Dilemmes de la metaphysique pure (1901); Le Personnalisme (1903); Critique de la doctrine de Kant (1906, published by L.
Darlu, La Morale de Renouvier (1904); G.
In 1783 he was crowned by the academy of Nancy for his Eloge de la poesie, and in 1788 by that of Metz for an Essai sur la regeneration physique et morale des Juifs.
Early in 1531 he lectured publicly on Galen and Hippocrates, while his more serious pursuits seem to have been chequered by acting in a morale comedic, then a very frequent university amusement.