As a complete fusion between dramatic and musical movement, its very crudities point to its immense advance towards the solution of the problem, propounded chaotically at the beginning of the i 7th century by Monteverde, and solved in a simple form by Gluck.
Venezuela declared its independence on the 5th of July 1811, and in the following year the war commenced in earnest by the advance of Monteverde with the Spanish troops.
In this expedition he proved eminently successful, driving the Spaniards from post to post, until arriving at the confines of Venezuela he boldly determined to enter that province and try conclusions with General Monteverde himself.
A decisive battle ensued at Lastoguanes, where the Spanish troops under Monteverde sustained a crushing defeat.
Caracas was entered in triumph on the 4th of August 1813, and Monteverde took refuge in Puerto Cabello.