It is circular internally and decagonal externally, in two storeys, built of marble blocks, and surmounted by an enormous monolith, brought from the quarries of Istria and weighing more than 300 tons.
From the main pedestal project four buttresses, on which are seated four monolith figures representing Morality, Education, Law, and Freedom.
High, probably the finest sculptured monolith in Scotland, stands in a field to the east of the town.
A portion of its western front, adorned with monolith unfluted Corinthian columns, is still standing - the familiar " Stoa of Hadrian "; another well-preserved portion, with six pilasters, runs parallel to the west side of Aeolus Street.
The typical Egyptian obelisk is an upright monolith of nearly square section, generally to diameters in height, the sides slightly convex, tapering upwards very gradually and evenly, and terminated by a pyramidion whose faces are inclined at an angle of 60°.
High, parts of a mosque, an aqueduct, a number of walls of other buildings and a four-sided monolith, measuring 92 ft.
They appear to be connected with Semitic sun-worship, and are assigned by Bent to the same period as the temple at Baalbek, though some antiquarians would place them much earlier; the representation of a castle in a single stone seems to bear some relation to the idea worked out in the monolith churches of Lalibela described byRaffray.
(Nimrud-obelisk, line 15, monolith, line II) and Assur-bani-pal (Rassam cyl.
Of Apries (Haa-ab-ra, Hophra) an obeliskand two monolith shrines are the principal remains.
In the XXVIth dynasty rebuilt the temple again, and placed in it a large monolith shrine of red granite, finely wrought.
Beyond the outer circle (not shown on plan) a great monolith - the sun stone, or so-called "Friar's Heel" - standing on the axis of the horseshoe, marks the point where a spectator, centrally placed within the horseshoe, would see the sun rise on the horizon at the solstice.
The societies advised that trilithon 6, 7, with lintel - which had slewed round - and trilithon 56, which was leaning at a dangerous angle, should be examined with a view to replacement with as little excavation as possible; that the monolith and lintel 22 be replaced, and its companion sarsen (21) secured; and that trilithon 57, 58, should be re-erected in its place, which was exactly known.