In the days of its greatest power Rhodes became famous as a centre of pictorial and plastic art; it gave rise to a school of eclectic oratory whose chief representative was Apollonius Molon, the teacher of Cicero; it was the birthplace of the Stoic philosopher Panaetius; the home of the poet Apollonius Rhodius and the historian Posidonius.
When in 221 Molon, the satrap of Media, rebelled against Antiochus III., his brother Alexander, satrap of Persis, joined him, but they were defeated and killed by the king.
Soon after Antiochus's accession, Media and Persis revolted under their governors, the brothers Molon and Alexander.
The attack on Palestine was a fiasco, and the generals sent against Molon and Alexander met with disaster.
In 221 Antiochus at last went east, and the rebellion of Molon and Alexander collapsed.
113, 4; Molon, Polyb.
After these failures Caesar determined to take no active part in politics for a time, and retraced his steps to the East in order to study rhetoric under Molon, at Rhodes.
When Molon revolted on the accession of the youthful Antiochus III.
He studied rhetoric under Molo (Molon) of Rhodes, and law under the guidance of Q.
Cicero seldom prosecuted, but it was the custom at Rome for a rising politician to 1 Brutus, § 316 " (Molon) dedit operam ...
(220) he subdued, with the help of his minister Hermias, an insurrection of the Antiochus satrap Molon of Media, who had assumed the royal Il., the title and was supported by his brother Alexander, Great.