According to Gennadius he carried with him recently discovered relics of the protomartyr Stephen from Palestine to Minorca, where they were efficacious in converting the Jews.
The eastern and larger group, corresponding with the ancient Insulae Baleares, comprises the two principal members of the archipelago, Majorca (Spanish, Mallorca) and Minorca (Spanish, Menorca), with seven islets: Aire, Aucanada, Botafoch, Cabrera, Dragonera, Pinto and El Rey.
Majorca, Minorca and Iviza are described in separate articles.
The origin of the name Baleares is a mere matter of conjecture; it is obvious, however, that the modern Majorca and Minorca are obtained from the Latin Major and Minor, through the Byzantine forms Macoptac and Mcvopuca; while Iviza is plainly the older Ebusus, a name probably of Carthaginian origin.
The direction of the folds in the older series is in Iviza nearly west to east, in Majorca south-west to north-east, and in Minorca south to north, thus forming an arc convex towards the south-east.
The Devonian is visible only in Minorca, the Trias being the oldest system represented in the other islands.
Besides valuable contingents of the celebrated Balearic slingers, the Romans derived from their new conquest mules (from Minorca), edible snails, sinope and pitch.
Minorca was reduced by Count Villars in 1707; but it was not till June 1715 that Majorca was subjugated, and meanwhile Port Mahon was captured by the English under General Stanhope in 1708.
The following are monographs on special subjects: - The Story of Majorca and Minorca, by Sir C. R.
The rambling operations of the naval war till the close of 1780 - directed by the allies to such secondary objects as the capture of West Indian islands, or of Minorca and Gibraltar, and by Great Britain to defensive movements - began to assume a degree of coherence in 1781.
They could not even prevent Admiral George Darby from relieving Gibraltar and Minorca in April.
MATHIEU JOSEPH BONAVENTURE ORFILA (1787-1853), French toxicologist and chemist, was by birth a Spaniard, having been born at Mahon in Minorca on the 24th of April 1787.
Minorca is said to have been depopulated.
PORT MAHON, or Mahon (Spanish Puerto Mahon), the capital and principal seaport of Minorca, in the Spanish province of the Balearic Islands.
The Moors, who occupied Minorca in the 8th century, were expelled by James I.
On the approach of the Seven Years' War the island of Minorca was threatened by an attack from Toulon and was actually invaded in 1756.
His correspondence shows clearly that he left prepared for failure, that he did not believe that the garrison could hold out against the French force landed, and that he was already resolved to come back from Minorca if he found that the task presented any great difficulty.
The governor of the fortress refused to spare any of his soldiers to increase the relief for Minorca, and Byng sailed on the 8th of May.
On the 19th he was off Minorca, and endeavoured to open communications with the fort.
After remaining near Minorca for four days without making any further attempt to communicate with the fort or sighting the French, Byng sailed away to Gibraltar leaving Fort St Philip to its fate.
Spain ceded to England Gibraltar and Minorca and promised to give up Sicily to Savoy.
When war began in earnest, and the reality of danger came home to Englishmen by the capture of Minorca (1756), there arose a demand for a more capable government than any which Newcastle could offer.