According to many interpreters the courtiers or soldiers of Herod Antipas ("Milites Herodis," Jerome) are intended; but more probably the Herodians were a public political party, who distinguished themselves from the two great historical parties of post-exilian Judaism by the fact that they were and had been sincerely friendly to Herod the Great and to his dynasty (cf.
The terms used for the two classes by Bede are milites (ministri) and comites, for which the Anglo-Saxon version has Pegnas and gesi 5as respectively.
He is named Digenes (of double birth) as the son of a Moslem father and a Christian mother; Acritas (tiKpa, frontier, boundary), as one of the frontier guards of the empire, corresponding to the Roman milites limitanei.
Defensores, abbacomites, abbates laici, abbates milites, abbates saeculares or irreligiosi, abbatiarii, or sometimes simply abbates) were the outcome of the growth of the feudal system from the 8th century onwards.
The connexion of the lesser lay abbots with the abbeys, especially in the south of France, lasted longer; and certain feudal families retained the title of abbes chevaliers (abbates milites) for centuries, together with certain rights over the abbey lands or revenues.
Hence they were not only encouraged but required to possess arms. Those of them who Th c~ b H could provide themselves with a charger, a mail rosdeF ~ shirt, a spear and sword were ranked as milites U and the mIles was a caballero.