Ulster (Uladh) was one of the early provincial kingdoms of Ireland, formed, according to the legendary chronicles, at the Milesian conquest of the island ten centuries before Christ, and given to the descendants of Ir, one of the sons of Mileadh.
As Dionysius of Halicarnassus (Judicium de Thucydide, c. 23) distinctly states that the work current in his time under the name of Cadmus was a forgery, it is most probable that the two first are identical with the Phoenician Cadmus, who, as the reputed inventor of letters, was subsequently transformed into the Milesian and the author of an historical work.
In this connexion it should be observed that the old Milesian nobles traced their descent back to the Phoenician or one of his companions.
The town stands on the site of the ancient Milesian colony of Tyras.
The last three were colonies of Sinope, itself a Milesian colony.
SuIdas speaks of him as "Laconian or Milesian"; possibly he visited Miletus in his youth, where he became familiar with the Ionic elegy.
But the earliest coinage in Cilicia, before the general Persian coinage (17) about 380 B.C., is Tarsus, 164 grains; Soli, 169, 163, 158; Nagidus, 158, 161-153 later; Issus, 166; Mallus, 163-154 -- all of which can only by straining be classed as Persian; but they agree to this standard, which, as we have seen, was used in Syria in earlier times by the Khita, &c. The Milesian or "native" system of Asia Minor (18) is fixed by Hultsch at 163 and 81.6 grains -- the coins of Miletus (17) showing 160, 80 and 39.
The principal coast town was the Milesian colony of Dioscurias (Roman Sebastopolis; mod.
The Irish banshee is held to be the distinction only of families of pure Milesian descent.
Varna has been identified with the ancient Milesian colony of Odessus on the coast of Moesia Inferior.
Aelian makes him the leader of the Milesian colony to Amphipolis, and hence some have inferred that he was a prominent citizen.
The old historians agree that Ireland was ruled by a succession of Milesian monarchs until the reign of Roderick O'Connor, the last native king.
The historians place the beginnings of the antithesis between north and south at the very commencement of the Milesian domination.
The old inhabitants of Ulster are usually termed Ulidians to distinguish them from the Milesian peoples who overran the province.
It was about this time that the Milesian kingdom of Tara was firmly established.
The fondly cherished theory which attributes Milesian descent to the bulk of the native population has at length been assailed.
In this connexion it may be noted that practically all the Milesian pedigrees converge on three ancestors in the 2nd century - Conn Cetchathach king of Tara, Cathair Mor of Leinster, and Ailill Aulom of Munster, - whilst in scarcely any of them are mythological personages absent when we go farther back than A.D.
The peculiar characteristic of the Milesian conquest is the establishment of a central monarchy at Tara.
Until the end of the 3rd century the Milesian power must have been confined to the valley of the Boyne and the district around Tara.
Thus practically the whole of the north and west gradually came under the sway of the Milesian rulers.
Rhys adopts the view that the race of Eber Find was not Milesian but a branch of the Ernai, and this theory has much in its favour.