MOSES MENDELSSOHN (1729-1786), Jewish philosopher, was born in Dessau in 1729.
His father's name was Mendel, and he was later on surnamed Mendelssohn (= son of Mendel).
Mendelssohn soon won the confidence of Bernhard, who made the young student successively his book-keeper and his partner.
Gumperz or Hess rendered a conspicuous service to Mendelssohn and to the cause of enlightenment in 1754 by introducing him to Lessing.
Just as the latter afterwards makes Nathan the Wise and Saladin meet over the chess-board, so did Lessing and Mendelssohn actually come together as lovers of the game.
This notion was being generally ridiculed as untrue, when Lessing found in Mendelssohn the realization of his dream.
Mendelssohn owed his first introduction to the public to Lessing's admiration.
In the year following his marriage Mendelssohn won the prize offered by the Berlin Academy for an essay on the application of mathematical proofs metaphysics, although among the competitors were Abbt and Kant.
In October 1763 the king granted Mendelssohn the privilege of Protected Jew (Schutz-Jude)- which assured his right to undisturbed residence in Berlin.
As a result of his correspondence with Abbt, Mendelssohn resolved to write on the Immortality of the Soul.
In the preface to a German translation of Bonnet's essay on Christian Evidences, Lavater publicly challenged Mendelssohn to refute Bonnet or if he could not then to "do what wisdom, the love of truth and honesty must bid him, what a Socrates would have done if he had read the book and found it unanswerable."
Bonnet resented Lavater's action, but Mendelssohn was bound to reply, though opposed to religious controversy.
Among them secular studies had been neglected, and Mendelssohn saw that he could best remedy the defect by attacking it on the religious side.
Mendelssohn added a new section to this chapter by his German translation of the Pentateuch and other parts of the Bible.
This work (1783) constituted Mendelssohn the Luther of the German Jews.
Mendelssohn was the first great champion of Jewish emancipation in the 18th century.
Mendelssohn himself published a German translation of the Vindiciae judaeorum by Menasseh ben Israel.
Mendelssohn had six children.
Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy); and Nathan (a mechanical engineer of considerable repute).
Much interesting material on the Mendelssohn family is given in Hensel's Die Familie Mendelssohn (translated into English, 1881).
Much general comment on Moses Mendelssohn appeared in the press of the world on occasion of the centenary of the birth of the composer Mendelssohn in 1909.
Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy >>
In the same year in which this work appeared, he and his wife Dorothea (1763-1839), a daughter of Moses Mendelssohn, joined the Roman Catholic Church, and from this time he became more and more opposed to the principles of political and religious freedom.
One consequence of the Mendelssohn movement was that many writers used their vernacular language besides or instead of Hebrew, or translated from one to the other.
The characteristic of the 18th and 19th centuries is the endeavour, connected with the name of Moses Mendelssohn, to bring Judaism more into relation with external learning, and in using the Hebrew language to purify tend- and develop it in accordance with the biblical standard.
The Mendelssohn Movement.
- This notable beginning to the removal of " the ignominy of a thousand years " was causally connected with the career of Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786; q.v.).
Mendelssohn became a warm friend of Lessing, the hero of whose drama Nathan the Wise was drawn from the Dessau Jew.
There are monuments to the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn (born here in 1729), to the poet Wilhelm Muller, father of Professor Max Muller, also a native of the place, to the emperor William I., and an obelisk commemorating the war of 1870-71.
Among the German we may mention Wolf and his followers, as well as Mendelssohn, J.
Mendelssohn, South African Bibliography (2 vols., 1910); and P. E.
Of Lessing, Mendelssohn and Abbt.
Hermann Hettner says that not only Leibnitz, Voltaire and Diderot, but Lessing, Mendelssohn, Wieland and Herder, drew the most stimulating nutriment from Shaftesbury.
The beautiful Hebrew style created a new school of Hebrew poetry, and the Hebrew renaissance which resulted from the career of Moses Mendelssohn owed much to Luzzatto.
P. Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Geschichte Griechenlands, &c. (Staatengeschichte der neuesten Zeit) (2 vols., Leipzig, 1870-1874); F.
There he met Nicolai and Moses Mendelssohn, with whom he formed a close friendship. In 1768 he became preacher or chaplain to the workhouse at Berlin and the neighbouring fishing village of Stralow.
Editio princeps, 1551; Schweighauser, 1785; Bekker, 1852; Mendelssohn, 1878-1905.
Among Lessing's chief friends during his second residence in Berlin were the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786), in association with whom he wrote in 1755 an admirable treatise, Pope ein Metaphysiker 1 tracing sharply the lines which separate the poet from the philosopher.
In youth he had musical ambitions, studied under Mendelssohn and Weinlig at Leipzig, under Loewe at Stettin, and afterwards at Vienna.
Mendelssohn (1883); see also C. Dndliker.
Behind that again is the academy of art, one wing of which accommodates the industrial art school; and close beside it are the school of technical arts and the conservatoire of music. Between the university library and the new Gewandhaus stands a monument of Mendelssohn (1892).
Schiller and Gellert also resided for a time in Leipzig, and Sebastian Bach and Mendelssohn filled musical posts here.