The episode of Melchizedek, though connected with the main narrative by the epithets given to Yahweh in Gen.
An ancient legend identifies Melchizedek with Shem (Palestinian Targum, Jerome on Isa.
8 seq.), so also he was held to have completed and arranged the whole book, though according to Talmudic tradition a he incorporated psalms by ten other authors, Adam, Melchizedek, Abraham, Moses, Heman, Jeduthun, Asaph, and the three sons of Korah.
The details of the tradition of authorship show considerable variation; according to the Talmudic view Adam is author of the Sabbath psalm, xcii., and Melchizedek of Ps.
After the precious relics together with the bones of Adam had been saved in the ark, they were transported by Shem and Melchizedek to Golgotha under the guidance of an angel.$ The tripartite narrative which is known as the Romance of Julian (the Apostate) has no claim to be regarded as an historical document.
His appearance in the narrative, like Melchizedek, "without father, without mother" (Heb.
Melchizedek of Salem, Gen.
The great war with Amraphel and Chedorlaomer -the defeat of a world-conquering army by 318 men-with the episode of Melchizedek, noteworthy for the reference to Jerusalem (xiv.
Now the only high priests who bore this title were the Maccabean, who appear to have assumed it as reviving the order of Melchizedek when they displaced the Zadokite order of Aaron.