Meister, " Dorier and Achaer" in Abh.
LEO JUD (1482-1542), known to his contemporaries as Meister Leu, Swiss reformer, was born in Alsace and educated at Basel, where after a course in medicine he turned to the study of theology.
Koch, Hermann von Salza, Meister des deutschen Ordens (Leipzig, 1885).
The most noteworthy of its public buildings is the handsome Protestant Church, begun in the 14th century and finished in 1520, in the Gothic style, containing a beautiful cup-shaped font, cast by Meister Leonhardus in 1438, and a large mural painting of the Crucifixion by Johannes von Rosenau (1445).
A friendly letter from Goethe, acknowledging the translation of Wilhelm Meister, reached him at the end of 1824 and greatly encouraged him.
A hero, who was probably originally intended to demonstrate the failure of the vacillating temperament when brought face to face with the problems of art, proved ill-adapted to demonstrate those precepts for the guidance of life with which the Lehrjahre closes; unstable of purpose, Wilhelm Meister is not so much an illustration of the author's life-philosophy as a lay-figure on which he demonstrates his views.
Wilhelm Meister is a work of extraordinary variety, ranging from the commonplace realism of the troupe of strolling players to the poetic romanticism of Mignon and the harper; its flashes of intuitive criticism and its weighty apothegms add to its value as a Bildungsroman in the best sense of that word.
In completing Wilhelm Meister, Goethe found a sympathetic and encouraging critic in Schiller, to whom he owed in great measure his renewed interest in poetry.
The sharpness of the conflict was, however, blunted by the fact that, without exception, the young Romantic writers looked up to Goethe as its master; they modelled their fiction on Wilhelm Meister; they regarded his lyrics as the high-water mark of German poetry; Goethe, Novalis declared, was the "Statthalter of poetry on earth."
The intimate psychological study of four minds, which forms the subject of the Wahlverwandtschaften, was an essay in a new type of fiction, and pointed out the way for developments of the German novel after the stimulus of Wilhelm Meister had exhausted itself.
In 1822 a passion for a young girl, Ulrike von Levetzow, whom he met at Marienbad, inspired the fine Trilogie der Leidenschaft, and between 1821 and 1829 appeared the long-expected and long-promised continuation of Wilhelm Meister, Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre.
The Sorrows of Werther no longer moves us to tears, and even Wilhelm Meister and Die Wahlverwandtschaften require more understanding for the conditions under which they were written than do Faust or Egmont.
Schubart, Die philosophischen Grundgedanken in Goethes Wilhelm Meister (1896); E.
Thus, to take only one prominent example, the profound speculations of Meister Eckhart (q.v.) are always treated under the head of Mysticism, but they might with equal right appear under the rubric Theosophy.
Still more typical examples of theosophy are furnished by the mystical system of Meister Eckhart and the doctrine of Jacob Boehme, who is known as "the theosophist" par excellence.
Meister, Zum eleischen, arkadischen u.
JOHANN TAULER (c. 1300-1361), German mystic, was born about the year 1300 in Strassburg, and was educated at the Dominican convent in that city, where Meister Eckhart, who greatly influenced him, was professor of theology (1312-1320) in the monastery school.
The mystical speculations of Meister Eckhart, Saint Martin, and above all those of Boehme, were more in harmony with his mode of thought.
Meister, Dorier and Achder (Leipzig, 1904).
Mussafias introduction to Die catalanische metrische Version der sieben we/sen Meister (Vienna, 1876); A.
Bach, Meister Eckhart der Vater der deutschen Speculation (1864); C. Ullmann, Reformatoren vor der Reformation (1842); W.
Each gild numbered various classes of members, ranging from beginners, or Schiller (corresponding to trade-apprentices), and Schulfreunde (who were equivalent to Gesellen or journeymen), to Meister, a Meister being a poet who was not merely able to write new verses to existing melodies but had himself invented a new melody.
Meister (1873), with short but useful introduction and index of Latinity; see also G.
Meister, Lucius and Bruning).
In Erigena, Meister Eckhardt, Jakob Boehme).
In Meister Eckhart (?
ECKHART,' JOHANNES [" Meister Eckhart"] (?
Jostes, Meister Eckhart and seine Jiinger (Freiburg, 1895); for the Latin works, H.
Landauer, Meister Eckarts mystische Schriften (Berlin, 1903), and Buttner (Leipzig, 1903 foil.).
Lasson, Meister Eckhart der Mystiker (1868); H.
Martensen, Meister Eckhart (1842); J.
Kramm, Meister Eckhart im Lichte der Denifleschen Funde (Bonn, 1889); R.
Langenberg, Uber die Verheiltnisse Meister Eckharts zur niederdeutschen Mystik (Gottingen, 1896); W.
Schopff, Meister Eckhart (Leipzig, 1889); A.
Meister were published in 1903.
Meister in Allgemeine deutsche Biographie, xlvii.