The chief exports are wheat, mealies, Kaffir corn, wool, mohair, horses and cattle.
Amongst the cultivated products are mealies and manioc, the sugar-cane and cotton, coffee and tobacco plants.
In summer the country appears as one waving field of wheat, millet and mealies; whilst on the mountain slopes and on their flat tops are large flocks of sheep, cattle and goats, and troops of ponies.
Mealies and wheat were the principal crops.
It is the most common crop throughout South Africa, where it is known as mealies, being the staple food of the natives.
The cereal most grown is maize (known in South Africa as mealies); kaffir corn, wheat, barley and oats are also largely cultivated.
Since 1906 an important trade has also arisen in the raising of mealies for export by white farmers.
The chief crop is mealies, the staple food of the natives; wheat, oathay, Kaffir corn and oats coming next.
In the Cape, Natal and the Transvaal coal mining is largely developed; in the Transvaal and the Cape tobacco is grown extensively; sugar, tea and other tropical and sub-tropical produce are largely cultivated in Natal and the Portuguese territory, and, since 1905, mealies have become an important article of export.
Cattle and mealies constitute the most valuable possessions of the natives.
The principal cereal crops are wheat, with a yield of 1,701,000 bushels in 1904, oats, barley, rye, mealies (Indian corn) and Kaffir corn (a kind of millet).
Mealies (extensively used as food for cattle and horses) are very largely grown by the coloured population and Kaffir corn almost exclusively so.
Oats are grown over a wider area than any other crop, and next to mealies are the heaviest crop grown.