(1900) P. 46; Marcel Bertrand, " Deformation tetraedrique de la terre et deplacement du pole," Comptes rendus Acad.
Mention may be made of Stahelin's Leben Davids (Basel, 1866), still valuable for the numerous parallels adduced from oriental history; Cheyne's Aids to Devout Study of Criticism (1892), a criticism of David's history in its bearing upon religion; Marcel Dieulafoy, David the King (1902), full, but not critical; H.
Answering the entreaties of Marcel he returned to Paris on June 1358, and became captain-general of the city, which was soon besieged by the dauphin.
This position, however, did not prevent him from negotiating both with the dauphin and with the English; terms were soon arranged with the former, and Charles, having lost much of his popularity, left Paris just before the murder of Marcel in July 1358.
Perrens, Etienne Marcel (Paris, 1874); R.
He ran great danger at the estates of Compiegne in May 1358, where his dismissal was demanded, and he had to flee to St Denis, where Charles the Bad and Etienne Marcel came to find him.
After the death of Marcel, he tried, unsuccessfully, to deliver Laon, his episcopal town, to the king of Navarre, and he was excluded from the amnesty promised in the treaty of Calais (1360) by King John to the partisans of Charles the Bad.
See Vallet de Viriville, Isabeau de Baviere (1859); Marcel Thibault, Isabeau de Baviere, Reine de France, La Jeunesse,j 1 37 0 - 1405 (1903).
Near St Marcel; Guard approaching Doncourt; XII.
A self-compensating brake of another kind, by Marcel Deprez, was described with Carpentier's in 1880 (Bulletin de la societe d'encouragement, Paris).
It is the " Hercynian chain " of Marcel Bertrand, and is composed entirely of Palaeozoic rocks.
In v aded Artois while the Black Prince was pillaging Languedoc. In 1356 the battle of Poitiers (September 19), in which John was taken prisoner, was the signal for conflicts in Paris between Stephen Marcel and the dauphin, and for the outbreak of the Jacquerie.
Removed by friendly hands, for the relief of his sufferings, to the priory of St Marcel, near Chalon-sur-Saone, he died on the 21st of April 1142.
First buried at St Marcel, his remains soon after were carried off in secrecy to the Paraclete, and given over to the loving care of Heloise, who in time came herself to rest beside them (1164).
His democratic sympathies led him to support Etienne Marcel, and though he returned to his allegiance to the kings of France he remained a severe critic. Jean de Venette also wrote a long French poem, La Vie des trois Maria, about 1347.
Predominant in influence were the deputies Robert le from the towns, and above all the citizens of the Coq and capital, led by Robert le Coq, bishop of Laon, and 4~t1euuui,e Etienne Marcel, provost of the merchants of Paris.
Etienne Marcel himself protested against councillors de petit tat.
Indifference and satiety spread speedily; the bourgeoisie forsook the reformers directly they had recourse to violence (February 1358), and the Parisians became hostile when Etienne Marcel complicated his revolutionary work by intrigues with Navarre, releasing from prison the grandson of Louis X., the Headstrong, an ambitious, fine-spoken courter of popularity, covetous of the royal crown.
Marcel, like the dauphin, was not a man to turn back.
But neither the support of the peasant insurgents the Jacques who were annihilated in the market of Meaux, nor a last but unheeded appeal to the large towns, nor yet the~uncertain support of Charles the Bad, to whom Marcel in despair proposed to deliver up Paris, saved him from being put to death by the royalist party of Paris on the 31st of July 1358.
Isolated as he was, ~ltienne Marcel had been unable either to seize the government or to create a fresh one.
But under the leadership of Etienne Marcel, provost of the Parisian merchants and president of the third estate, and Robert le Coq, bishop of Laon, president of the clergy, a partisan of Charles of Navarre, the states refused any "aid" except on conditions which Charles declined to accept.
Meanwhile Charles of Navarre had been released by his partisans, and allying himself with Marcel had become a popular hero in Paris.
In Paris Etienne Marcel was supreme.
Charles of Navarre, now in league with the English and master of lower Normandy and of the approaches to Paris, returned to the immediate neighbourhood of the city, and Marcel found himself driven to avowed co-operation with the dauphin's enemies, the English and the Navarrese.
Within the walls of Paris Jean Maillart had formed a royalist party; Marcel was assassinated (31st July 1358), and the dauphin entered Paris in the following month.
116; Marcel Dieulafoy, L' Art antique de la Perse, 1884-1889, v.